MULTINATIONAL-DROUGHT RESILIENCE AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD PROGRAM_DRSLP III-DJIBOUTI COMPONENT
- Reference: P-Z1-AAZ-037
- Approval date: 17/06/2015
- Start date: 12/02/2016
- Appraisal Date: 26/02/2015
- Status: ApprovedAPVD
- Implementing Agency: MINISTERE DE L'AGRICULTURE, DE LA PÊCHE, DE L'ELEVAGE ET DES RESSOURCES HALIEU
The overall sector goal is to contribute to poverty reduction, food security and accelerated sustainable economic growth through enhanced production and rural household incomes. The medium and long term objective of the programme is to enhance drought resilience and improve sustainable livelihood including for women.
The Programme is a multinational project that recognizes the nomadic nature of the inhabitants of the region who cross borders at will in search of water and pasture. Thus any development that is undertaken in one country to improve these facilities and the livelihoods would attract pastoralists from the neighbouring country with a potential for causing conflict. Hence although the activities will be implemented at the country level, it is critical that they be implemented regionally, preferably at the same pace.
The programme will be implemented under 4 components, namely:
Component 1: Natural Resource Management with 3 sub-components with three subcomponents:
(i) Water resources development;
(ii) Sustainable land management; and
(iii) Securing access to natural resources
Component 2: Market access and trade with 3 sub-components: Component 2: Market access and trade with 3 sub-components:
(i) Market support infrastructure and information system;
(ii) Development of livestock marketing support and value chain development including for women and
(iii) Improving livestock mobility and trade in livestock and livestock products for women and men farmers.
Component 3: Livelihoods support with 3 sub-components:
(i) livestock production and health;
(ii) Food and Feed production; and
(iii) Livelihood diversification.
Component 4: Program Management and capacity building. Necessary support and follow up system will be provided to ensure the smooth implementation and monitoring of the project. Capacities of the main stakeholders will be strengthened
Incidences of drought in the Horn of Africa (HoA) have been recently increasing in both severity and frequency, leaving over 20 million people in Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Sudan in dire need of urgent humanitarian assistance. To address this issue in a sustainable manner, the Bank commissioned in 2008, a regional study on Sustainable Livestock Development (SLD) in the HoA. The Study observed that, as a result of serious degradation of natural resources due to overuse and climate change, conflicts among communities in many parts of the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) occur as communities compete for increasingly scarce resources, within and across countries. As majority of these communities are nomads who do not respect national or subnational boarders and thus move easily across the borders to neighboring countries in search of mainly water and pasture, developing resources in one country would attract communities across the border, hence fueling conflict. Against this backdrop, developing and ensuring resources availability equally in neighbouring countries and communities is an important act of conflict resolution. It is on this understanding that the DRSLP has been conceptualized as a Regional Operation.
The study report, delivered in 2010, thus recommended investment in the areas of water resources infrastructure; infrastructure for agriculture production and marketing; capacity building of government personnel and communities; and conflict resolution and peace building. The Bank also conducted Mapping, Assessment & Management of Trans-boundary Water Resources in the IGAD Sub-Region Project" in 2011 with IGAD and "Observatoire du Sahara et du Sahel". Building on these studies, the Bank developed a multi-phase Drought Resilience and Sustainable Livelihoods Program for which US$ 300 million were pledged. The Drought Resilience and Sustainable Livelihoods Program (DRSLP - I), was prepared and approved by the Board on 12 December 2012. It is being implemented in Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya and the IGAD Secretariat. The second call under DRSLP - Project II aims to scale up its intervention in Ethiopia and extend it to Eritrea, Somalia and Sudan.
Over decades, most interventions to address the drought issue in the HOA have been of emergency humanitarian relief nature. The project under review seeks to be innovative as its proposes solutions to tackle this issue in a medium and long term perspective, through an integrated approach that aims at improving water resource mobilization, rangeland management, livelihoods diversification, infrastructure for market access and building human and institutional capacity within a framework that is sensitive to conflict resolution and management. The Bank's long standing experience in the design and implementation of drought resilience and water infrastructure development was capitalized and mainstreamed in the design of this project.
The Project is expected to develop infrastructures for
(i) water mobilisation and management, and
(ii) livestock production, health and marketing. It will also build the capacity of the populations and Governments of the region to better cope with the effects of climate change, resources scarcity and conflicts related to resources utilisation. The Project will be implemented in a period of 5 years
Other direct beneficiaries include the Governments of the region whose capacities will be strengthened to enhance drought resilience development, natural resources management and shared benefits, and regional integration. Ultimately, the project is expected to increase the income of agro-pastoralists through the improvement of the delivery of livestock related services (animal production and health, rangeland management, marketing, etc.) and the development of irrigation schemes leading to the improvement of livestock parameters (growth rate, carcass weight, milk production and offtake rate) and, the productivity/production of the main crops. The diversification of the sources of livelihood and the mobilization/conservation of water resources as envisioned by the project will reduce the vulnerability of the population to climate change shocks and exposure to inter/intra-community conflicts that arise from competition over access to water sources for livestock. Women and youth will particularly benefit from the project as specific activities (including value addition) will be designed to enhance their economic and social integration/empowerment. Ultimately, these expected outcomes are expected to contribute to fostering peace and social resilience within the project communities and countries.
KANE Mamadou - OSAN1