LAKE TANGANYIKA DEVELOPMENT PROJ
- Reference: P-ZM-AA0-021
- Approval date: 18/12/2014
- Start date: 18/12/2015
- Appraisal Date: 22/09/2014
- Status: OngoingOnGo
- Implementing Agency: MIN.OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESSOURCES
- Location: MPULUNGU AND NSAMA IN ZAMBIA
The project will consist of three components, namely: (A) Natural Resources Management (B) Community Level Support Services (C) Project Coordination and Institutional Development
Natural Resources Management Forest Plantations Fisheries Management and Surveillance Fish farming promotion through fish cages Catchment protection from erosion Bee keeping
Community Level Support Services Agriculture livelihoods Value addition and processing Irrigation systems Access roads Social infrastructure (education and health and water and sanitation
Project Coordination and Institutional Development Harmonisation with LTA and other countries Local institutional support
(i) improving social and health conditions in the Lake Tanganyika basin, and
(ii) improving the food situation of the people
(iii) protecting the ecological integrity of the Lak Basin
Zambia's rural poevrty rate is above 77% and a life expectancy of 38 years. Per capita gross national incomes is about US$ 1000 per annum, but a sizeable proportions of the population living below the absolute poverty line, that is, living on less than US$ 1 per day. The livelihood of the population depends mainly on the exploitation of natural resources, which in the specific case of fisheries. In the Lake Tanganyika basin, the major natural resources are intensely exploited in view of the growing needs of the riparian communities and the influx of some one million refugees fleeing conflict zones. The strong human pressure constitutes a serious threat to the sustainability of natural resources, production areas and social conditions. In order to better protect the lake environment and allow for the sustainable use of the natural resources of the lake, the Government, with the support of donors including the FAO, FINNIDA and the Global Environment Facility (GEF), have formulated various strategic planning documents. These include the Fisheries Development Framework Plan (PCAP), the Environmental Strategic Action Prorgramme (SAP), and the Convention for the Sustainable Management of the Lake. To implement the strategic features of the PCAP and SAP, the States formulated the Lake Tanganyika Integrated Regional Development Programme (LTIRDP) with activities aimed at contributing to the sustainable protection of the productive potential of the Lake, food security and poverty alleviation in the entire Lake basin; the activities also give a pride of place to economic cooperation and regional integration.
A project to support the Lake Tanganyika Integrated Regional Development Programme (PRODAP), which was an integrated multidisciplinary and multi-partner operation, was implemented between 2004 and 2013. Its aim was to rationalize the exploitation of fishery resources, protecting the lake environment in a sustainable manner, and reducing the poverty of the Lake basin communities, who depended mainly on fishery resources and are among the poorest in the region.
The old project was delayed by 6 months from approval date and its effectiveness was further delayed for over 4 years from the date of signing. The project performance picked up once the project became effective on 29 September 2009. However, soon after, the project suffered some management problems related to staffing, slippage in salary payments, poor financial management and slow procurement. The project was suspended for special account replenishment in July 2012 after it failed to produce the audit report for 2011. Direct payments to contractors, however, continued.
The proposed project is to refocus on the needs of the people around the lake basin and to protect the ecologcal integrity of the lake basin in line with the Lake Tanganyika Convention
The project complies with the priorities of the national poverty reduction strategies, the fisheries development framework plan, the code of conduct for responsible fisheries and the strategic action plan for the sustainable management of the Lake. It will help to build national capacities for sustainable management of fishery resources, replenish fish stocks in a sustainable manner in the currently overexploited areas, protect 30,000 ha of catchment areas, contribute to the additional production of 11,500 tonnes of fish, and increase the value of processed fish by 25%. At the economic level, the project will help to increase the incomes of the target population groups particularly those of women, and enhance food security. Other benefits of the project relate to the improvement of social and health conditions with the construction of latrines, health centres, schools and drinking water points. It will also help to create 5,000 jobs, rehabilitate feeder roads in order to further facilitate the movement of people and goods, and improve regional integration and cooperation
MOHAMEDAHMED Siham Abdel Rahman - OSAN3