Working Paper 204 - Skills and Youth Entrepreneurship in Africa: Analysis with Evidence from Swaziland

For the past decade, Swaziland, as most of the other middle income countries in Southern Africa (e.g., Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa) has been among the slow growing economies on the continent. With high unemployment and youth unemployment, inclusive growth in the region has remained elusive (Jauch, 2011; Ncube et al., 2014). Despite the oversized public sectors, the overall employment has been low, reflecting limited private sector job creation and entrepreneurship, both in the formal and informal sector. The countries were also negatively impacted by the global financial crisis,...

Swaziland - La BAD finance un projet inclusif de services d’eau et d’assainissement pour un montant de 23 millions de dollars

Le Conseil d’administration de la Banque africaine de développement (BAD) a approuvé le mercredi 18 juin 2014 à Tunis, un projet de fourniture de services durables d’eau et d’assainissement de la municipalité d’Ezulwini au Swaziland dont l’objectif est de promouvoir la croissance inclusive, en prenant en compte les populations des zones rurales, urbaines et périurbaines. Le coût total du projet, estimé à 17,604 millions d’unité de compte (UC) -  environ 27 millions 120 mille dollars - sera financé conjointement par la BAD et le gouvernement du Swaziland. Ce projet...

AfDB approves loan to improve quality of Manzini-Mbadlane highway

The Board of Executive Directors of the African Development Bank Group (AfDB) has approved a project for Swaziland for the amount of  UA 30 million (approximately 47 million dollars) to improve the standard and quality of the road linking Manzini to Mbadlane in the area of Manzini in Swaziland. The city of Manzini provides employment to more than 250,000 Swazis who will directly benefit from the project in terms of economic activities and travel cost and time.    The road also connects to the main tourist and social infrastructure situated in Manzini,...

Swaziland - Ezulwini Sustainable Water Supply and Sanitation Service Delivery Project - ESMP Summary

Water will be abstracted from Lusushwana River, at a point upstream of Mantenga falls and downstream of the Luphohlo Dam. This component includes intake structure, low flow gauging weir, 3km of 400mm raw water gravity main, water treatment works with a capacity of 7,860m3/day, 2 storage reservoirs (10Ml and 5Ml), a treated water pump station, rising main and connector lines to existing Ezulwini water supply distribution system. The Project is designed to meet water demand for Ezulwini town and surrounding areas up to 2030. While most of the water for the project will be generated from the...

Swaziland - Manzini to Mbadlane (MR3) Highway Project - ESMP-RAP Summary

The Manzini-Mbadlane Road Highway Project comprises the dualisation of a 30km section between the city of Manzini and Mbadlane on Main Road 3 (MR3). The project involves dualisation from existing two-lane single carriageway to two-lane dual carriageways with controlled or limited access to local traffic. The project will significantly improve the functionality of the road infrastructure to accommodate increasing commercial traffic servicing economic and industrial centres and intra-regional trade traffic between neighbouring Mozambique and South Africa. The section under consideration...

Southern Africa Quarterly Review and Analysis – 4th Quarter 2013 - Issue 11

The Southern Africa region closed the year on an overall positive note, notwithstanding the downward revisions in growth projections seen in nearly half of the countries covered. Early indications show that the average growth rate for 2013 was 4.3 percent, only slightly lower than the 4.4 percent predicted in the third quarter. On a positive note, growth was strong in Mozambique, Zambia and Angola and picked up in Malawi and Swaziland. Mozambique continued on a strong growth path driven by growth in the mining sectors (coal) and in transport and communications.

Swaziland’s new CSP focuses on Infrastructure, Inclusive Growth and Governance

Note: the CSP will be published as soon as it is finalised. The Board of Directors of the African Development Bank Group (AfDB) on Wednesday, February 5 in Tunis approved Swaziland’s Country Strategy Paper (CSP) for 2014-2018, which focuses on promoting economic growth and improving living conditions of the people. The CSP is built around two pillars: (i) Supporting Infrastructure Development for Sustainable and Inclusive Growth and (ii) Strengthening Governance and Institutional Capacity. The document underscores the fact that Swaziland’s categorization as a lower middle-income...

Swaziland: Rural Development Project


Swaziland: The Simunye Sugar Project


Swaziland: Lonhlupheko - Loiiahasha Road


Swaziland: Heath Services Development Project


Swaziland - Telecommunications III Project - PPER

This Project Performance Evaluation Report (PPER) concerns the Telecommunications III Project in Swaziland, financed from a Bank loan of MUA 7.821 in November 1981. The Loan Agreement was signed on 5/5/82 and became effective on 3/12/82. Swaziland’s telecommunication services are the responsibility of SPTC (Swaziland Posts and Telecommunications Corporation), which is a public enterprise, the loan beneficiary and executing agency. To consolidate the achievements of the two previous projects initiated and financed with Bank assistance, the Swaziland Posts and Telecommunications Corporation...

1998-Swaziland-Country Portfolio Review Report


2005 - Swaziland - Country Portfolio Performance Review Report

This Country Portfolio Performance Review Report (CPPR) provides a detailed assessment of the performance of the Bank Group’s portfolio in Swaziland, looking at the overall management of the portfolio, including the quality and health of the portfolio, the age of the projects, constraints affecting their overall performance and possible remedies to the identified generic problems. The CPPR is based on the findings from the CPPR mission undertaken in October 2005 and supplemented by quarterly progress reports and supervision mission reports up to May 2006. Projects reviewed are all in the...

Southern Africa Quarterly Review and Analysis – 3rd Quarter 2013 - Issue 10

Economic activity in Southern Africa was vibrant during the 3rd quarter as the region remained on course to attain a projected annual average growth rate of 4.4 percent. In Angola strong growth in the non-oil sector continued to boost overall economic activity. Also, planned new gas and oil fields coming on stream are envisaged to drive higher growth. Botswana’s economic recovery continued with increasing activity in all sectors. The economy in Lesotho continued to show resilience, largely supported by an improved performance in diamond mining. Malawi is benefitting from improved investor...

The oldest customs union in the world hails from Africa

The Southern African Customs Union (SACU) is 103 years old. Established on June 29, 1910 in Southern Africa the Customs Union Agreement (CUA) brought together the South African Union, the High Commission of Bechuanaland territories (current Botswana), Basutoland (current Lesotho) and Swaziland, then under British rule. In fact, the genesis of a customs union already existed as far back as the 19th century: a Customs Union Convention was finalized in 1889 by the Cape of Good Hope, then a British colony, and the Boer State of the Orange Republic. 1969: CUA becomes SACU The agreement...

Integration represents significant opportunities for landlocked and small island countries of southern Africa

“Regional integration offers southern African countries substantial potential from competition and scale effects, but the gains are not automatic; careful design and sustained implementation of the regional trade agreements (RTAs) are necessary to enhance their benefits … and implementation of regional programs requires adequate local capacity, in addition to financial resources.” These are, among others, some of the key messages underscored by Kennedy K. Mbekeani, an Economist with the African Development Bank, in a Regional Integration Policy Paper titled “Intra-regional Trade in...

Regional Integration Policy Papers - Intra-Regional Trade in Southern Africa: Structure, Performance and Challenges

The promotion of growth through increased intra-trade and deeper regional economic integration hold much promise in Southern Africa. In particular, with the mixed neighbourhoods of low and medium income countries as well as landlocked, coastal and island countries, regional integration offers possibilities to leverage and extend economic comparative advantage at a regional level in ways not accessible through national programs. The region is, therefore, moving with the continent and is adopting a more outward economic orientation and deepening regional integration programs. A number of...

Working Paper 175 - Youth Employment in Africa: New Evidence and Policies from Swaziland

Swaziland, a small land-locked country in Southern Africa, seems to be caught in the middle income trap. Despite its favorable location, mild climate, and a relatively diversified production base, it has been one of the slowest growing economies in Africa for almost two decades. Even with ‘rising’ Africa, Swaziland’s average annual growth during 2000 – 2012 was a mere 2.3 percent – well below the 5.8 percent average posted by the continent. The country’s real GDP per capital is projected to decline in both 2013 and 2014 (African Development Bank et al., 2013).

Indian Ocean Commission Countries a Flagship Study on Regional Integration - Summary Final Report

The African Development Bank (AfDB) has always embraced the vision of an empowered, prosperous and integrated continent. Regional integration has been part of its Charter since its establishment in 1964, and has been given priority in all major Bank strategies. The AfDB’s Strategy for 2013 – 2022 establishes the strategic emphasis on inclusive green growth, which is to be embodied in all the AfDB’s activities including interventions and knowledge products. This Flagship Report analyses the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) that the IOC Member States face in the...