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Africa NDC Hub

Highlights on the AfDB’s Africa NDC Hub

The AfDB’s Climate Change and Green Growth Department (PECG) has established the Africa Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) Hub to serve as a resource pool for Regional Member Countries (RMCs), and to coordinate various sector activities with a view to fulfilling obligations related to the Paris Agreement.

The Hub particularly focuses on three key support areas:

1.  Fostering long-term climate action – this entails analytical work to align  country-NDCs with national development agenda, its voluntary contributions, and to explore options to raise ambition necessary for low carbon and climate resilience growth on a long-term trajectory.

2.  Mobilizing means for implementation – finance, capacity building, technology development and transfer. These are critical enablers to achieve the objectives of the Paris Agreement within the context of African sustainable development. The Hub will engage global climate funds and the private sector to cater for both conditional and unconditional pledges of African NDCs; and

3.  Coordination, Advocacy and Partnerships – the Hub will provide a platform for coordination of NDC support activities on the continent for the efficient use of limited resources. 

Background and rationale

Many African countries are faced with developmental challenges such as limited access to market, lack of competitiveness, fragile economic development, high poverty levels, limited analytical and technical capacity and data availability. These challenges are exacerbated by the continent’s limited ability to manage climate change. However, Africa has enormous opportunities to contribute to the global efforts in combatting climate change. All 54 countries have signed the Paris Agreement and submitted ambitious Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), while most of them have ratified these ambitious Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). However, most INDCs submitted by African countries were hastily put together and in most cases did not take long term effects on national development goals into consideration. Consequently, they do not truly reflect national needs and potential to fully contribute to global targets of achieving a low-carbon and climate-resilient pathway by mid-century.  

All African INDCs have incorporated two targets: an unconditional target that will be met by African countries with their own resources (about 15%), and a conditional target, subject to financial support from the international community (about 85%). However, in mapping current commitments, there is no distinction between these targets. Without making this distinction and mobilizing the resources to enable African countries achieve both targets, we stand the risk of not achieving the global goal. In addition, African countries have consistently emphasized the importance of adaptation considering their high vulnerability to the adverse impacts of climate change. Although the Paris Agreement has established a global goal on adaptation with a view to contributing to sustainable development, current efforts at implementing NDCs, including those in Africa, have not attached much importance to adaptation and resilience building. Efforts also need to be made to develop bankable projects that contribute to the NDCs in African countries and that will attract private sector investors.

The Africa NDC Hub provides an opportunity for the Bank and its partners to engage national, sub-national, non-state actors and private sector representatives on appropriate policies, strategies and actions tailored to suit individual needs of African countries to enable them deliver their climate change commitments under the Paris Agreement. The NDC Hub will also support African countries in mobilizing finance at scale to support national sustainable development imperatives. These in turn will promote the development and implementation of appropriate climate actions that allow African countries to achieve the objectives of their NDCs as well as contribute meaningfully to the global effort to combat climate change. The Hub will ensure effective transformation of NDCs into bankable and implementable projects/programmes that are underpinned by rigorous analytical work and which significantly draw upon the synergies of ongoing regional, national and sectoral efforts and contributes to the achievement of the sustainable development goals. The NDC Hub builds on the AfDB’s solid experience of active participation in Africa’s development including managing climate initiatives and climate funds.