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The African Natural Resources Centre (ANRC) has commissioned a series of case studies to bridge the knowledge gap in natural resources project-driven SME development, supply chain-based domestic linkages, extractives revenue management, public-private partnerships and fiscal policy formulation.

Assessing progress in forest law enforcement and governance in Africa

This report by the African Natural Resources Centre examines the progress made by African countries to enforce forest law and governance, under the Forest Law Enforcement and Governance programme. The report, which was based on an extensive qualitative research, examines national strategies and looks at how African countries are carrying out voluntary partnership agreements in line with the European Union Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade Action Plan.

The report showcases the existing opportunities to integrate export and import markets within Africa by promoting intra-African trade of timber products within an informal framework. It suggests intra-African trade of timber products can produce substantial benefits to people living both in timber exporting and timber importing countries. The report further highlights the relevant value added that the African Development Bank can bring to improve legality and governance in the timber value chains.

How Forestry contributes to the African Development Bank's 'High 5s' Priorities: challenges and opportunities

African forests span over 21 to 23 percent of the continent’s total land mass. However, forest endowments vary across the different regions and countries of Africa, with far higher proportions in the continent’s central and southern regions. The analysis in this paper provides greater evidence of the numerous contributions of forestry to the African Development Bank’s “High 5” development priorities.

The paper stresses that forestry has tremendous potential to contribute to the green economy and increase household as well as state revenues in African countries. It further pinpoints that the realisation of these opportunities depends on the governance of the forest industry, the ways in which forests are managed, the need for increased local value addition to primary forest products, and the need to promote intra-African trade in forest products. 

Assessing progress in the implementation of forest law enforcement and governance (FLEG) action plan in Africa African Natural Resources Centre - Study Report

This report aims to initiate the process of supporting timber-exporting African countries in combating illegal timber harvesting and trade. It focuses, in particular, on Forest Law Enforcement and Governance (FLEG) national strategies and the implementation of European Union Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade Voluntary Partnership Agreements (EU-FLEGT VPAs).

The report is largely based on a desk review of the global forestry practices and the technical and institutional aspects of VPA ratification, as well as current constraints to ratification. Three African countries (Côte d’Ivoire, Gabon and Liberia) were specifically studied in field research. Indonesia, possibly the most advanced country in VPA implementation worldwide, was also studied.

Running the numbers - African Natural Resources Centre - Analytical Report

This report, the first study in Africa, explores how African governments use financial models to manage oil & gas and mining projects. Jointly produced by the African Natural Resources Centre of the AfDB and Open Oil, a boutique financial advisory firm, the study begins with the simple notion that no investor would ever approach an investment decision on an extractive project without the backing of a comprehensive financial model. Such a model would link expected production profile, prices, capital and operating expenditure and corporate tax rates to the projected cash flow of the project and its profitability. The authors conducted a survey of nearly 50 government officials to illustrate how widespread use of financial models is and how their results are used to inform policy.

Gas domestication in South Korea: Lessons for African countries

This report tells the story of gas-market development in Korea and identifies prerequisites and experiences relevant to African countries. Since importing its first cargo of liquid natural gas in 1986, Korea has developed a gas industry based on liquid natural gas imports and is continuing to promote gas use for transport and as a clean fuel in city areas. In the 1980s when its government made the policy decision to commit to long-term imports of gas, Korea was described as a “third world debtor country”. Since then, the country has become a member of the OECD (1996). And by 2016, after 30 years of export-led economic growth, it has become the world’s 11th largest economy. The aim of this study is firstly to examine the institutional experiences of the Korean public and private sectors and to familiarize African countries that are considering options for domestic use of regional gas with lessons from the successful experience of Korea. Secondly it aims to serve as a high-level policy tool that maps policy options and trade-offs to permit the use of the Korean gas sector as a guide. Finally, it aims to identify and generate interest among potential private-sector investment partners who can join with entrepreneurs in the new gas-producing countries and lay the foundations for developing the technical and commercial skills needed for the new industry.

Women’s economic empowerment in oil and gas industries in Africa

These guidelines provide recommendations on practical and proven measures on how to increase women’s access to opportunities in oil and gas resources in Africa. The guidelines aim to contribute to evidence-based decisions regarding women’s economic empowerment in the sector. African countries with new oil and gas industries can ensure that the benefits contribute to equity and inclusive development by using these practical guidelines as a tool for policy makers and other stakeholders, such as oil and gas companies, women and entrepreneur associations, chambers of commerce and 

Negotiations capacity building support and training program

The ability of resource-rich countries to effectively steward the exploitation of natural resources, is hampered by their the ability to negotiate natural resource projects and represent the interests of current and future generations. The ANRC has created a tool to help governments systematically prepare for and conduct negotiations. The “Negotiations Capacity Building Support and Training Program” outlines the scope of support, which includes advocacy and a training course to guide decisions on mandates, team selection, strategy, tactics, project economics, markets and contracts management.

A step-by-step guide for local content policy formulation and implementation

Increasingly countries are looking for alternative ways to realize the value of natural resources wealth as quickly and as early in the project life cycle as possible. At the forefront of this drive is the push for local content policies aimed at linking natural resources projects to community, national and regional economies. This can result in higher employment, private sector growth through SMEs, increased manufacturing activities due to demand for goods and services, increased export trade and technology transfer. This local content roadmap guides decision makers in policy design and implementation through a series of standalone interventions, knowledge, skills and information. 

Land Tenure Regularization in Rwanda: Good practices in land reform

Land Tenure Regularization (LTR) in Africa has received much attention in recent years because of its presumed role in boosting the agricultural sector and reducing poverty. This report reviews the LTR process, assess the enabling policy and institutional frameworks and draw major lessons to inform land tenure regulation interventions in Rwanda.



Debswana Diamond Company and the Government of Botswana: An HIV/AIDS public-private partnership programme

This study examines Botswana's partnership with the De Beers Group, through the Debswana joint venture, in order to improve health service delivery and effectively contain the adverse effects of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. It illustrates the potential to directly impact on human development outcomes by leveraging the human, financial and managerial resources capacity of mining companies.



Chile’s fiscal policy and mining revenue

Resource-rich countries like Chile face the dilemma of how to manage this source of revenues. This report analyzes Chile's fiscal policy implementation and mining revenue management, with an emphasis on the copper sector and its contribution to social development. The report focuses on the formal functioning of the rules and legal framework underpinning the policy.

Anglo Gold Ashanti Malaria and public-private partnership in Ghana’s health sector

The malaria control programme initiated by AngloGold Ashanti (AGA) in Ghana in 2006 aimed at delivering an efficient, cost-effective solution for containing malaria infections in the African countries where the company operates. The AngloGold Ashanti Malaria Control Programme is a study in corporate social responsibility in the fight against malaria, and its toll within communities where a company operates, and the viability of a business entity, including the broader safety of its staff.

This case study demonstrates strategic public-private partnerships between extractives companies and governments and their impact on human development through an initiative in Ghana's health sector. 

Anglo American Corporation’s Zimele Enterprise Program

The Anglo American Corporation of South Africa pioneered an innovative program of funds called Anglo Zimele. The The funds support aspirant entrepreneurs from historically disadvantaged communities in South Africa to develop small and medium enterprises (SME) by using Anglo American's sector expertise and procurement muscle as a catalyst for achieving wider, socially responsible growth. These SMEs in turn generate employment and drive social and economic development in economically marginal social classes.

This report illustrates ways to extract value from extractive projects using corporate initiatives to promote SMEs.

Botswana’s Mineral Revenues, Expenditure and Savings Policy

Botswana has received widespread praise for the way in which it has managed mineral revenues and invested them in education, health care and other forms of assets. In some respects, it has managed to avoid what is commonly known in the literature as the "mineral curse" and "Dutch Disease" through appropriate macroeconomic, exchange rate and fiscal policies, as well as institutional design.

This case study examines the experience of a resources-dependent country's approaches to mining revenue management 



Cosmas Milton Obote Ochieng