About the Facility

The Transition Support Facility was established in 2008 (initially under the name Fragile States Facility) as an operationally autonomous entity within the African Development Bank (AfDB) Group. It was established, inter alia, to address weaknesses in the Performance-Based Allocation (PBA) of resources that tend to be low relative to needs and legitimate demands from states affected by fragility. Since then, it has mobilized more than UA 2 billion additional development finance for a set of low-income countries where fragility is the main development challenge.

It is a fast, simple and flexible disbursement mechanism designed to help countries consolidate peace, build resilient institutions, stabilize their economies and lay the foundations for inclusive growth. It provides support through three pillars: (i) supplemental resources for national, regional and private sector operations to support countries in their state-building efforts (Pillar I); (ii) arrears-clearance to enable eligible countries normalize relations with the international community and access debt relief (Pillar II); and (iii) support to critical capacity building interventions and technical assistance that cannot be adequately addressed through traditional projects and instruments.

While historically the bulk of TSF resources have come from the African Development Fund (ADF), the Facility is increasingly attracting additional resources and voluntary contributions from donors or third parties that can make direct contributions to each pillar of the TSF at any time or earmark resources for a specific country, sector and type of activity or project.

As a special purpose entity within the Bank Group, the TSF is designed to complement and leverage the Bank’s other instruments and sources of support, such as for Regional Operations or Private Sector Operations. As a legally distinct entity, it has the potential for additional flexibility in the modalities of its support, and is the Bank’s preferred vehicle for resource mobilization in fragile situations.