The absence of regional connectivity between States with access to the submarine cable and landlocked countries and more generally, the scarcity of cross-border backhaul links is one of the key broadband access gaps in Africa.
- Central African Backbone (CAB): The project aims to implement a telecommunications network made up of on-ward terrestrial fiber connections linked to undersea optical fiber cable system in the African Western Coast (SAT3) that would link several Central African countries and provide the region with a digital broadband access to the global fiber network. The planned broadband backbone would leverage the fiber optic infrastructure laid along the oil pipeline between Kribi (Cameroon) and Doba (Chad), and will interconnect in its phase 1 three countries: Cameroon, Chad, and RCA.
- East Africa Broadband Network (EABN): The project aims at implementing an integrated East African Broadband ICT Infrastructure Network (EAC-BIN) that would provide cross border connectivity between five EAC Partner States (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda) and link up with global gateways through submarine fibre cable systems. The initiative is expected to be implemented within the Connect Africa framework before end of 2010.
- Maritime Communications for Safety on Lake Victoria (MCSLV): The project aims at establishing Maritime Communications for Lake Victoria with the following components: a) wireless communication system based upon GSM technology allowing two-way contact between boats in distress and rescue centres; b) Regional Maritime Communications Centre (RMCC), with capacity to process distress radio traffic from the public in the region; and c) A maritime communications system that would facilitate Search and Rescue operations. Lake Victoria is shared by three EAC country: Kenya, Tanzania & Uganda.
- South Africa Region Backbone –SATA Backhaul: Project aimed at improving cross border links that would interconnect the SADC member states. The objective is to improve cross border connectivity of the SATA participating members member countries through optical fibre networks and link them to submarine cable systems including the Eastern African Submarine cable System (EASSy).
- West Africa Network – ECOWAN: To improve the connectivity between ECOWAS offices and affiliated organisations, therefore contributing to the integration of the ECOWAS region by providing a robust platform for regional information systems. ECOWAN is an Intranet linking all member state capitals and enhanced with broadband communications. It will serve as the Enterprise Information System for ECOWAS and will be connected to the global internet. ECOWAN is ECOWAS owned and operated, and accessed only by ECOWAS officials and affiliated organizations.
- ECOWAS Power Pool-based Fibre Network: The objective of the WAPP project is to expand broadband access in the ECOWAS region by first leveraging the West Africa Power Pool’s (WAPP) communications infrastructure network, and linking the WAPP network to national and regional infrastructure to bridge connectivity gaps in the ECOWAS region.