Activities in Ghana
Overview and key elements of interventions
The African Development Bank Group (AfDB) commenced operations in Ghana in 1973, and financed its first water and sanitation operation in 1974. Since then, a total of 11 projects have been financed at a total value of UA 93 million.
In supporting the Government’s priority to increase access to safe water supply and improved sanitation, the Bank’s funding is aligned with the following policies and strategic plans:
- The country’s National Water Policy (2007), the revised Environmental Sanitation Policy (2010) and the Strategic Sector Development Plan (SSDP).
- The Ghana Shared Growth Development Agenda (2010-2013), through the “Infrastructure and human settlements development” thematic area.
- The MDGs and the 2020 Africa Water Vision.
- The Bank’s Long Term Strategy (2013 – 2022) and Integrated Water Resources Management Policy, as well as the Bank’s the Country Strategy Paper (2012-2016), supporting pillar I which aims, amongst others, to “Improve infrastructure”, including water and sanitation. It is anticipated that the Bank will continue to be a key development partner in Ghana’s water and sanitation sector.
The Bank’s current project portfolio includes an on-going sanitation project in Accra and three additional grant-funded projects promoting innovative approaches to sustainable WSS services provision.
Accra Sewerage Improvement Project: Approved in 2006.
The Project Objectives are: (i) To provide an improved and extended sewerage and sanitation system for disposing of waste water from the city of Accra, in an environmentally and socially acceptable manner, to meet the demand up to year 2020; and (ii) To strengthen the capacity of the Accra Metropolitan Assembly (AMA) to operate and maintain the system on a sustainable basis.
The main components of the project are: a) Infrastructure provision consisting of construction of sewage treatment plants to treat 12,358m3 of sewerage effluent per day, rehabilitation and extension of 63.1km Sewerage Network and 147 public toilets and 37 septage reception tanks; b) Institutional Strengthening consisting of Staff training and institutional strengthening of Accra Metropolitan Assembly, supply of sewer maintenance equipment; and c) Project management.
The project was projected to impact 2.97 million people in urban and peri urban Accra.
The total cost of the project is UA 51.74 million.
Improved Sanitation and Water Supply Service Delivery to the Urban Poor in Ghana through Tripartite Partnerships (TPP): Approved in September 2009.
The Objective of the project is to build national capacity for planning and delivery of pro-poor water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services in order to accelerate sustainable access to urban sanitation and water supply.
The project will put in place Pilot infrastructure in the three towns of Ashaiman, Mankessim and Huni Valley to demonstrate the participatory approach involving community based organisations, local government and the private sector together with innovative technologies and approaches for more efficient and sustainable service provision in poor urban areas. Local and national learning Alliances will improve the enabling environment for replication and scaling up of successful approaches.
The total cost of the project is EUR 1.98 million.
Design for Reuse - Harvesting the Value of Effluent and Nutrients for Sustaining the Operation of Sanitation Facilities: Approved in June 2010.
The Objective of the project is to demonstrate the benefits of the reuse of nutrients and water in improving sanitation schemes in Ghana by shifting the design focus from disposal to productive reuse; capturing the economic, social and environmental benefits that will provide incentives and help finance robust sanitation schemes. The project will also strengthen the human and institutional capacity for reuse-oriented sanitation and preparation against climate variability.
The four value chains of reuse in irrigation, aquaculture in maturation ponds and the use of compost and biogas will be studied and implementation plans elaborated for specific existing plants.
The total cost of the project is EUR 0.50 million.
Re-optimisation of Akosombo and Kpong Dams: Approved in July 2010.
The Objective of the project is to produce technically and economically feasible reoperation plans which will build on the existing benefits of the Akosombo and Kpong dam operations while reintroducing lost livelihoods and ecosystems functions in the catchment areas. The project will also generate knowledge for wider application. A reoperation study, an experimental reoperation demonstration and monitoring model as well as a global learning program shall be implemented.
The total cost of the project is EUR 1.61 million.
Latest update May 2013