ESG rating agencies

Vigeo

Based in Paris with 80 analysts and 20 auditors in seven countries. Vigeo rating measures the performance of companies based on 38 ESG issues in six fields (environment, human rights, human resources, community involvement, business behavior, corporate governance) and analyzes the related reputational, human, legal and operational risks. The analysis criteria are based on international conventions and globally recognized standards from international organizations. Vigeo also provides issuers with second party opinions on green bonds. 

Oekom

Based in Munich and 90%-owned by private investors and 10%-owned by a small group of institutional investors, including an environmental foundation, a publishing company and two religious orders. They employ 50 analysts and rate companies using 100 different environmental and social sectorial criteria, one third of which are sector specific. Companies are analyzed based on public information and dialogue with the company, determining which issuers are eligible for the "Prime" status. According to Oekom, more than 100 financial services companies, specialised ethical banks, and institutional investors with assets totaling more than €600 billion use their sustainability research for the selection of securities for mutual funds, segregated accounts and asset management mandates. 

MSCI 

American based investment decision support organization for 6,000 institutional clients globally. It’s also the largest of the selected organizations with 23 global locations and 2,600 employees. Among other functions, MSCI runs ESG indexes spanning Environmental, Controversial Weapons, Social and other indicators. MSCI acquired GMI Ratings (a smaller ESG ratings agency) in June 2014. MSCI’s ESG analysts do not engage with companies and do not conduct audits or send questionnaires.