Partnership overview

Japan joined the African Development Fund (ADF) in June 1973 and the African Development Bank (AfDB) in December 1982. Japan is the second largest contributor to ADF in cumulative terms after the United States and the third largest shareholder in the AfDB after the United States and Nigeria. Its pledge to ADF-XII was of UA 274,594,890* (US $411,672,659.09). This was a 5 per cent increase in UA from the level of ADF-XI. Japan’s burden share represents 6.71 per cent of ADF-XII.

Joint initiatives

Japan’s collaboration with the Bank Group includes the Japan Policy and Human Resources Development Grant (PHRDG) and the Joint Bank-Japan Enhanced Private Sector Assistance (EPSA) Initiative. AfDB also participates in the implementation of the Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) commitments.

  • The first Cooperation Agreement was signed in 1994 between the Ministry of Finance of Japan and the Bank, establishing the Japan Policy and Human Resources Development Grant (PHRDG) to support ADF countries. PHRDG focuses on human resource development and technical assistance. It has supported the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper process in several countries. It also financed a series of Bank’s analytical work through Regional Integration Strategy Papers (RISPs) and flagship reports and social business.
  • Japan and the AfDB launched in 2005 the Joint Bank-Japan Enhanced Private Sector Assistance (EPSA) Initiative. EPSA is a co-financing facility for resource mobilization to support implementation of the AfDB’s Private Sector Development Strategy. The Initiative earmarked a budget of US $1 billion in concessional loans for five years until 2010. At the end of 2010, the US $1 billion target was achieved on time and on budget. Under the Initiative, Japan contributed to the Fund for African Private Sector Assistance (FAPA). In October 2010 FAPA became a multi-donor Fund with the participation of Austria. The Bank and Japan are now working on the Second phase of EPSA for US $1 billion.
  • AfDB signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) in May 2009 to enhance collaboration in natural resources development, renewable energy, infrastructure, private sector development, trade facilitation and liquidity support for the private sector.
  • Under a Memorandum of Understanding signed with the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in October 2008, collaboration is ongoing in regional infrastructure development, agriculture (New Rice for Africa - NERICA), private sector development, environment, climate change, post-conflict fragile states, water and sanitation, and Africa-Asia knowledge sharing. Since 2006, JICA is seconding JICA staff to the Infrastructure Consortium for Africa (ICA) Secretariat and to the Private Sector Department.  
  • A Memorandum of Understanding between the University of Tsukuba of Japan and the AfDB was signed in May 2008. The objective is to enhance knowledge partnership on higher education and science, as well as technology.


Mr. Hiromi Ozawa
Executive Director, Japan

Mr. Fernando Ledo Casablancas 
Senior Advisor
Tel (225) 2026 2270

Clemens Samuda