Development Effectiveness Reviews 2015
Driving development through innovation
Each year the African Development Bank publishes the Annual Development Effectiveness Review (ADER) to provide an overview of how it contributes to Africa’s development. This fifth edition of the ADER has innovation as its theme. Innovation means not only taking ideas from around the world and adapting them to Africa’s unique conditions, but also using new home-grown ideas from across the continent to improve lives.
The ADER addresses three broad questions: What development progress is Africa making? How well is AfDB contributing to Africa’s development? And how well is AfDB managing itself to better support Africa’s development?
The report shows how the Bank’s work is in many aspects central to innovation, such as expanding markets through regional integration, promoting skills development in science and technology and, above all, supporting creation of the backbone infrastructure on which innovation depends.
The ADER provides evidence of the Bank’s contribution to Africa’s development and discusses how well it manages its portfolio and itself as an organisation. The ADER openly discusses its strengths and weaknesses and notes the reforms it is undertaking to become a stronger partner in development.
Through such initiatives as the Annual Development Effectiveness Review, it demonstrates accountability for the results of its efforts.
The Development Effectiveness Review on Ethiopia 2015 examines Ethiopia’s development challenges in recent years and assesses the African Development Bank’s contribution to addressing them. It also looks at how effectively we manage our operations and our organisation in Ethiopia.
Ethiopia is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, averaging 10% growth over the past decade. Even with high population growth, the country’s per capita income has tripled over the last eight years. This strong economic performance has provided the Ethiopian Government with a platform for pursuing its ambitious national development agenda. As a result, over the past eight years 2.5 million people have been lifted out of poverty, and the proportion of Ethiopians living below the poverty line has fallen below 30%.
Over the past 40 years, the AfDB has been a leading provider of development finance in support of Ethiopia’s national development agenda, with 118 projects at a total value of $4 billion. From 2005 to 2013, our investments have made a substantial contribution to expand Ethiopia’s road infrastructure and improve access to transport to over 7.5 million people. On electrification, our contribution helped Ethiopia to provide nearly 40,000 people with electricity connections. Our support for national water and sanitation programmes has made a major contribution to health outcomes, as we have achieved our target of providing improved water and sanitation to 250,000 people. We contributed budget support to Ethiopia’s ambitious decentralised Promoting Basic Services programme (PBS), helping to meet the salary costs of teachers, health workers and other frontline service providers. We have also supported successful private sector projects in Ethiopia – including the national airlines – and provided financial services to the many Ethiopians who run small and micro business through our microfinance programme which has benefited nearly 2 million people.
This report also tracks the performance of the Bank’s Ethiopia portfolio against the goals and targets set out in our Results Measurement Framework, with some illustrations of our operations at work. The portfolio of the Bank in Ethiopia is in robust shape with fewer, but larger operations as the average size of our public sector operations is three times the average across Africa. With a focused and selective portfolio, the AfDB is able to address implementation challenges and achieve higher levels of impact.
AfDB remains committed to supporting Ethiopia’s national development goals. We will continue to help Ethiopia to close its infrastructure gap, pursue regional integration, and to support improvements in agriculture, basic services and the business environment. As the premier African development organisation, the AfDB stands ready to help Ethiopia promote transformation and achieve its vision of middle-income country status by 2025.
Sierra Leone is one of the success stories among countries emerging from conflict. After 10 years of civil war, its economy, infrastructure and institutions were heavily degraded, and its human development indicators were some of the worst in the world. However, with a series of peaceful elections and the closure of the UN Peacebuilding Office, Sierra Leone has succeeded in restoring political stability and has launched an ambitious process of national reconstruction and development.
In recent years, the African Development Bank (AfDB) has strengthened its capacity to work effectively in countries affected by conflict and fragility. In 2008, it established a Fragile States Facility to channel an additional US $2.5 billion to countries in transition from conflict to sustainable development. In 2014, it adopted a new strategy, Addressing Fragility and Building Resilience in Africa 2014–2019, which aims to make the Bank a leading actor in helping African countries address the root causes of conflict and fragility and achieve more resilient and inclusive development.
This Development Effectiveness Review (DER) reviews the Bank’s performance in supporting Sierra Leone’s post-conflict recovery from 2005 to 2014. It shows the practical results of our commitment to working more effectively in countries in fragile situations. It also demonstrates how the Bank helps its partner countries weather shocks and setbacks, such as the Ebola crisis. Throughout the document, we present results data from the Bank’s Results Measurement Framework, using traffic-light indicators to show how we performed against our targets. We also tell the story behind the numbers by presenting examples of our operations at work and testimony by beneficiaries.
Like other DERs, this Review is written in a straightforward and non-technical manner, so as to share the AfDB’s objectives, operations and results with partners and stakeholders in Sierra Leone and beyond. In addition to supporting our commitment to transparency, it serves as a useful management tool for our purposes, as we continue to adapt our support to a complex and rapidly evolving context.