Combinaison des méthodes qualitatives et quantitatives dans l'évaluation de l'impact des projets agro-pastoraux sur la productivité des organisations paysannes: le cas du Cameroun
Nguetse Tegoum Pierre, Ministry of Economy & planning of Cameron, Nakelse Tebila and Ouedraogo Issaka, Ministry of Agriculture, water & Fisheries Resources of Burkina Faso
Between 2001 and 2007, the poverty headcount in Cameroon has remained steady at around 40 percent. In fact, poverty has reduced in urban areas while it has increased about 3 points in rural areas. This, despite the numerous agro-pastoral projects undertaken by the government between 2002 and 2008 in favour of rural people. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of these actions on the productivity of famers’ organisations.
The methodology is based on an integrated assessment approach combining both qualitative and quantitative aspects. The qualitative analysis uses Likert scale. The quantitative approach is based on Rubin's causal model and uses propensity score matching techniques. The main data used are those of the survey on the assessment of the impact of projects (EIPA) conducted by the Ministry of Economy and Planning in 2009.
The results obtained with both methods (qualitative and quantitative) are consistent and indicate that projects implemented by the Cameroon government and donors between 2002 and 2008 have had a positive impact on the productivity of farmers’ organizations. The analysis of satisfaction, while indicating an overall appreciation of projects by leaders and members of FOs, shows that the level of satisfaction seems to be negatively correlated with the regional level of poverty.
The matching techniques revealed that farmers’ organisations aid recipients have experienced a 4 percent increase in their productivity. More specifically, the study reveals that the impact of government programs is more important in the breeding sector (16 percent) and in the agriculture sector, it is quite null. Furthermore, non-beneficiaries organisations of the breeding sector could have had an increase in their productivity of about 10 percent if they had benefited from government assistance.
The study therefore encourages rural people to regroup into organizations in order to be more efficient. The management of agro-pastoral projects should be more transparent in order to increase their impact on the productivity of farmers’ organisations and on poverty alleviation.