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11août2017

Sovereign Wealth Funds and Africa’s Unique Challenges

Typically, there are two kinds of sovereign wealth funds: saving funds and stabilization funds. The latter is particularly pertinent in countries whose economies are overly reliant on oil and commodity exports, and whose revenues are volatile in nature. Other reasons for the creation of Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWF) include war chests and, in the case of nations with an abundance of natural resources, a SWF can help to avoid the ‘resource curse’ or ‘paradox of plenty’. These are all valid ‘stabilization’ reasons for setting up a SWF. In Africa, however, stabilization reasons are not enough.


17juil.2017

The economic costs of illicit financial flows in Africa’s extractive sector

African resource-rich countries are facing significant economic headwinds. Nigeria, Africa’s largest oil producer, depends on oil for over 90% of its foreign exchange earnings and three-quarters of government revenue. The slump in oil prices has adversely affected Nigeria’s economic prospects, pushing GDP growth into negative territory to -1.5% in 2016.

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23déc.2016

Recalibrating Extractive Governance to support Africa’s Structural Economic Transformation

Over the past seven years, the African Union (AU) has emerged as a central actor in regional level efforts to improve natural resource governance. As African economies grapple with the negative impact of the commodity price fall – including dimmer growth and job creation prospects over the medium term - the AU has an opportunity to reinvent itself as both thought-leader and harmonizer in resource governance initiatives. This is key for a coherent structural economic transformation across the continent.

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20déc.2016

Plugging Africa into e-commerce

In the final quarter of 2016 South Africa participated in two critical global economic governance summits as the lone continental representative: the 11th G20 summit hosted by China and the 8th BRICS summit hosted by India. Both hosts placed e-commerce on the agenda, signalling a desire to engage on the topic. Meanwhile, on the multilateral front the WTO is exploring new trade issues beyond the Doha Development Round, in which e-commerce features firmly. But what does this all mean for Africa?


23nov.2016

The Unexplored Potential of Africa’s Trade in Services

Services trade matter for growth, development, gender equality and job creation for countries in Africa. They are also key inputs in the production of important exports and food staples, yet inefficiencies along their value chain can contribute to high prices: in Ethiopia, services account for about 80 percent of the final price of roses, one of the country’s key export products – similarly, between 60 and 75 percent of the price of teff, Ethiopia’s staple food grain, comes from services inputs.


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