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1999-2009 - Ethiopia - Evaluation of Policy Based Operations in the AfDB
In 1991 the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) emerged victorious after a long civil war against the Marxist military regime known as the Derg which had ousted the Emperor in 1975. Since then Ethiopia has been moving gradually towards democracy from a highly centralised and autocratic means of operating. The 1994/5 Constitution established Ethiopia as a Federal State comprised of nine autonomous Regions and two Chartered Cities with extensive powers and responsibilities related to regional development, and with fully-fledged three-branch governments. The evaluation period has seen significant tensions between Ethiopia and its development partners (DPs) over governance issues particularly the conduct of elections and the treatment of opposition groups.