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Africa Economic Brief – Sources of gender productivity differentials in Africa: A cross-country comparison


This economic brief provides recent evidence on the extent of gender inequality in agricultural productivity and decomposes its main sources. The empirical analysis relies on micro-level survey datasets recently collected in Nigeria, Tanzania, and Uganda. In these countries, agriculture remains the mainstay of the economy and understand - ing the extent and sources of gender productivity gaps is crucial for building policy interventions and empowering women. Our econometric approach consists initially in estimating a model of agricultural producti - vity to uncover the impact of gender of the land manager.

Then, a mean-based decompo sition approach is applied to each country separately to underscore the sources of gender differences in agriculture. Finally, farmers’ potential heterogeneity across the productivity distribution is accounted for using quantile regressions.

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