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Gender Poverty and Environmental Indicators on African Countries - 2015
Entrenched values, norms, and organizational arrangements hamper policy change at the individual, organizational, and institutional levels. Equally, political and geopolitical dynamics constrain policy choices. Most countries, including those in Africa, still focus their policies and regulatory institutions on ensuring the supply of energy, rather than managing demand and the sustainability of supplies. Imposing pollution taxes in economies where this is not considered to be a problem will generate resistance from decision-makers and the public alike. Factional economic interests can hinder the deployment of energy-efficient technologies.