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Working Paper 164 - Closing the Education Gender Gap: Estimating the Impact of Girls’ Scholarship Program in The Gambia
Universal primary education and the elimination of gender gap in enrollment rates are two of the targets in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Achieving these goals has been a high development priority for sub-Saharan African countries over the past decade. The challenges in this sector remain significant. Approximately 32% of primary school age children do not attend school and 34% of all youths do not attend secondary school in sub-Saharan Africa (UNESCO 2012). In addition, the adult literacy rate in Africa is 62%, which is far lower than the global average (84%). The ratio of female to male enrollment at secondary level is 79%.