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Working Paper 195 - Inequality, Economic Growth, and Poverty in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA)


The wave of protests and unrests that swept across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region since 2011 has continued in different forms. In addition to demands for more economic and political inclusion, the protests had been largely sparked by a refusal to any longer tolerate the gross socioeconomic inequality perpetuated by long-entrenched “elite” in power. Thus, in many countries today, the issue of inequality has come to the front burner of international and national discourse with a view to finding solutions. Therefore, in addition to equity reasons, there are good economic and political reasons to be concerned about inequality, its various dimensions, and societal development impacts.

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