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Working Paper 95 - Agricultural Trade Policy Reform in South Africa
The importance of the agricultural sector in South Africa cannot be stressed enough. In 2006, the agriculture sector contributed about 2.8 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), 8.5 percent of total employment and approximately 4 percent of total exports (Statistics South Africa, 2007; Department of Trade and Industry (dti), 2007). The agricultural sector has three sub-sectors: agriculture, forestry and fishing. The agriculture sub-sector comprises field crops, horticulture and livestock farming. The performance of field crops has a pivotal role in the determination of food security and overall performance of the sector. This activity was responsible for 25.5 percent of the gross value of production in the agriculture sector in 2006 (Department of Agriculture, 2007).