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Zimbabwe - Proposal for a grant of US$1,000,000 as emergency assistance to support efforts to control and avert the 2018 cholera outbreak - Appraisal Report
Zimbabwe has witnessed episodic cases of diarrhea outbreaks in rural and urban areas for such a long while. Cholera is an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. It has a short incubation period and produces an enterotoxin that causes a copious, painless, watery diarrhoea that can quickly lead to severe dehydration and death if treatment is not promptly given. Cholera remains a challenge in countries where access to safe drinking water and sanitation is not adequate. The first recorded case of cholera in Zimbabwe was in 1972, with several cholera outbreaks being confirmed since then. In 1992 and 1993, cholera outbreaks affecting 2,048 and 5,385 cases were recorded. The Case Fatality Rate (CFR) experienced were 5.1% in 1992 and 6.1% in 1993. No cholera cases were recorded between 1994 and 1997.