Publications

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Working Paper 290 - Building Fiscal Capacity The role of ICT
04/10/2017 17:22
Working Paper 290 - Building Fiscal Capacity The role of ICT
OMD-Agenda 2063/ODD - Rapport de transition 2016
26/09/2016 09:31
OMD-Agenda 2063/ODD - Rapport de transition 2016
Afrique du Nord - Document de travail - Volume du commerce et croissance économique dans la région MENA : biens ou services ?
19/02/2015 08:49
Afrique du Nord - Document de travail - Volume du commerce et croissance économique dans la région MENA : biens ou services ?
Gabon - 2014 - Profil Pays - Ensemble pour bâtir le présent et mieux assurer l’avenir
14/05/2014 11:26
Gabon - 2014 - Profil Pays - Ensemble pour bâtir le présent et mieux assurer l’avenir
Rwanda - 2014 - Profil Pays - Compétitivité économique accrue en faveur de la croissance pour tous - Rapport Complet
14/05/2014 09:47
Rwanda - 2014 - Profil Pays - Compétitivité économique accrue en faveur de la croissance pour tous - Rapport Complet
Rwanda - 2014 - Profil Pays - Compétitivité économique accrue en faveur de la croissance pour tous - Rapport de synthése
14/05/2014 09:51
Rwanda - 2014 - Profil Pays - Compétitivité économique accrue en faveur de la croissance pour tous - Rapport de synthése
Compendium of Statistics on AfDB Group Operations 2014
06/05/2014 13:16
Compendium of Statistics on AfDB Group Operations 2014
The Transformational Use of Information and Communication Technologies in Africa
29/05/2013 14:07
The Transformational Use of Information and Communication Technologies in Africa
Compendium of Statistics on Bank Group Operations 2013
03/05/2013 09:42
Compendium of Statistics on Bank Group Operations 2013
Economic Brief - Mobile Money Services, Regulation and Creating an Enabling Environment in Africa
26/12/2012 18:49
Economic Brief - Mobile Money Services, Regulation and Creating an Enabling Environment in Africa
Tendances économique - Un développement ouvert, intelligent et qui profite à tous: les TIC au service de la transformation de l'Afrique du Nord
13/07/2012 13:17
Tendances économique - Un développement ouvert, intelligent et qui profite à tous: les TIC au service de la transformation de l'Afrique du Nord
Technology and Innovation Report 2011 - Powering Development with Renewable Energy Technologies
29/11/2011 14:06
Technology and Innovation Report 2011 - Powering Development with Renewable Energy Technologies
Africa Economic Brief - Mobile Banking in Africa: Taking the Bank to the People
07/02/2011 15:43
Africa Economic Brief - Mobile Banking in Africa: Taking the Bank to the People
Working Paper 104 - Technology Gap and Efficiency in Cocoa Production in West and Central Africa: Implications for Cocoa Sector Development
23/01/2010 00:00
Working Paper 104 - Technology Gap and Efficiency in Cocoa Production in West and Central Africa: Implications for Cocoa Sector Development
This paper investigates the productivity potential (technological gap) and efficiency differences of cocoa sectors in countries in West and Central Africa, where tree crop systems, particularly cocoa production, are of particular interest. Approximately 70 percent of the world supply of cocoa originates from there. Producing countries derive most of their foreign income from cocoa, while export earnings and economic growth are dependent on cocoa productivity. A relevant question for agriculture policymakers is whether to pursue a strategy directed towards technological change (bringing in new technologies) or raising efficiency (improving the use of existing technologies). Shortfalls in production efficiency mean that output can be increased without requiring additional conventional inputs and without the need for new technology. In the presence of technological gap, technical progress is the rational strategy to adopt to significantly increase agricultural production. The study used data from a large survey of cocoa farmers carried out in four West Africa countries, namely Cameroon, Ghana, Nigeria and Cote d’Ivoire. We use stochastic meta-frontier production functions to measure the production efficiency and compute the technological gaps of the cocoa sectors in different countries of West and Central Africa. The results of the analysis show that in relation to cocoa production large productivity potential gaps exist between countries of the region. The gaps range between 0.70 and 0.96. These values can be interpreted as the technological gaps faced by the cocoa sector in those countries when compared at the regional level. The cocoa sector in Cameroon had the lowest technology gap, while that of Nigeria was highest. In terms of production efficiency, Nigeria’s cocoa sector had the highest mean technical efficiency relative to the national and regional frontiers. Ghana appears as the least performing country. The study supports the view that technical efficiency in the region under study is quite low and technology gap inhibits competitiveness. From a policy point of view, the priority in Cameroon should be on reducing the technology gaps, by investing in technological innovations already existing within the region. A country-to-country technology transfer arrangement should be encouraged. The findings suggest that in Nigeria and Cote d’Ivoire to achieve significant growth in the cocoa sector, priorities should be on improving the know-how of cocoa farmers. This could be achieved by putting in place sound government extension programmes and the development of rural credit institutions. In Ghana, both types of strategies should be pursued to tackle low efficiency levels and the technology gap.Lire la suite
65 - Governance in Africa: The Role for Information and Communication Technologies
01/01/2001 00:00
65 - Governance in Africa: The Role for Information and Communication Technologies
36 - Information Technology and the Challenge of Economic Growth in Africa
01/01/1998 00:00
36 - Information Technology and the Challenge of Economic Growth in Africa
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