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Zimbabwe - National Climate Change Profile
The People’s Republic of Zimbabwe (henceforth ‘Zimbabwe’, shown below in Figure 1-1) is a landlocked country in Southern Africa, bordered by Botswana, South Africa, Mozambique and Zambia. Zimbabwe has a population of ~15.6 million people, ~69% of whom are rural and are reliant on smallholder subsistence farming and livestock. Zimbabwe’s economy, GDP currently estimated at ~USD 16.3 billion per year, was severely impacted by several years of consecutive recession within a series of political and financial crises in the period from 2000 – present. As a result of unprecedented hyper-inflation and shortages of cash currency, food and fuel, economically important sectors such as agriculture and industry declined in productivity and GDP per capita decreased by ~40% between 2000–2007.