P-AO-A00-001

Project Details
ID: P-AO-A00-001 Name: BOM JESUS-CALENGA RURAL DEV PROJECT Status: Closed Country: Angola
Sector: Agriculture Approval date: 24-nov-2005 Task Manager: AGBOMA Patrick Chukuka, RDGS4
Total cost: 19776000
Currency: UAC
Source(s) of financing
ADF: 17200000
Government: 2576000
Implementing Agency: GOUVERNEMENT DE LA REPUBLIQUE D ANGOLA MINISTERE DES FINANCES Location: Luanda peri-urban & Calenga rural areas

Objectives

The proposed project aims at increasing the incomes of smallholder agricultural producers by providing the necessary support and enabling environment to improve food security, income generating activities and the social welfare of the project's beneficiaries.

Description

The project has four main components, namely; a) Rural Infrastructure Development, b) Agricultural Development, c) Capacity Building and, d) Project Management.
(A) Rural Infrastructure Development (RID) RID activities will entail: Development of Bom Jesus Scheme to provide irrigation facilities to over 760 farm families; provision of clean and safe water sources to the the communities, including construction of 6 boreholes and hand-dug wells with washing bays, provision of basic maintenance kits to the community water maintenance committees. In support of the project's preventive health scheme including HIV/AIDS and malaria education campaigns, a health post will be constructed at Kakila to operate under the supervision of the Bom Jesus Health Centre.
In Calenga, the Project will undertake rehabilitation of Calenga Schemes, provision of clean and safe water source for the communities and provision of basic maintenance kits; provision of preventive health scheme including HIV/AIDS and malaria education campaigns, one health post in Calenga will be rehabilitated and operated under the supervision of the Caala Health Centre.
(B) Agricultural Development Technology packages to be advanced will be developed in close collaboration with research and extension as well as farmers. The project will invest in the expansion of capacity for seed and food crop production, storage and processing. It will also train public officials and farmers to facilitate the adoption of new technologies, support studies and development of viable strategies for improved land, water and irrigation management.
The Project will further support the legalization and government recognition of farmer groups and more particularly farmer apex organizations. The Project will also undertake Group Formation and Registration by ensuring that 545 farmer groups will be formally and legally recognized. This will involve a selected service provider, working to strengthen these groups and introducing a request to MINADER. The groups will also be assisted to underscore the importance of gender.
Farmer Support Facilities - In support of strong farmer apex groups and marketing, the Project will construct 20 farmer support centers (meeting/office/marketing), 16 in the Calenga communities and 4 on the Bom Jesus Scheme. In support of women, and particularly widows associations that are in agricultural processing, adding value to farm produce, the project will support the re-construction of 20 milling facilities and provide the existing and registered associations with 20 maize milling machines i.e. 15 in the Calenga commune and 4 in Bom Jesus commune. This will be provided as seed capital to the widows associations on once and for all basis.
The running, operation and maintenance costs of these mills will be derived from the grain milling service they will provide to the community as well as other membership and group fees.
One input store belonging to MINADER, just next to a railway line/stop in Calenga will be fully rehabilitated and refurbished for stocking some critical input supplies for farmers. The beneficiary associations under capacity building support will receive training in business management and organization so that they can effectively manage their milling business.
Seed Development  Extension Support : To speed up seed multiplication, the IIA in partnership with a selected NGO, will implement a "contract farmer model". Under this approach, suitable farmers, primarily among those that are already involved in seed production in the commune will be contracted to produce seeds.
The Project, through IIA and in partnership with the NGO (service provider to be selected) will provide to the selected contract farmers' basic seeds and all the necessary technical support and know how to access credit, inputs, equipment, fertilizer, agrochemicals, and tractor hire services.
The Project through IIA will provide the basic fertilizer, pesticides and herbicides to the contract farmers. In cases where contract farmers have opened more acreage than agreed, the NGO will work to help them access the required credit and other inputs from the credit institutions and other input suppliers.
Within IIA, the Project will adopt and implement "on-farm and adaptive farm approach" to farmer extension, training and support to seed multiplication and increased food crop production.
The Project will support IIA with a set of farm machinery, specifically a tractor for land preparation, weeding, harvesting, and fertilizer application and harvesting.
Along with provision of fertilizer, pesticides, herbicides and basic irrigation equipment, the said set of farm machinery will be used to train farmers as well as permanently keep under cultivation 20 ha for potato seed production, 160 ha for production of maize seeds and 300 ha for been seeds for sale to small holder farmers at a minimal cost to ensure continuous multiplication nationally in order to meet national seed requirements.
(C) Capacity Building The project will undertake to improve; (i) access to farmers by extension workers, (ii) the ability of MINADER to collect, collate and disseminate agricultural data, (iii) the capacity of MINADER to plan and develop effective policy interventions, including monitoring and evaluation, (iv) support basic seed multiplication in Huambo IIA within the contract farmer approach and (v) upgrade EDA offices in Bom Jesus and Calenga communes, IIA in Huambo and to provide selected training and office equipment to MINADER as an institution. To achieve this, the project will provide TA, training, transport and research capacity at three levels, namely MINADER, Provincial and Beneficiary levels.
At beneficiary level, two service providers will be selected to train, strengthen and organise about 10,900 farm families (900 in Bom Jesus and 10,000 in Calenga Communes) into 545 Farmer Groups i.e. 500 in Calenga and 45 in Bom Jesus, with whom about 40% of the membership will be women. This is to enable them obtain credit and technical advice, as well as build their capacity to fully operate, maintain and manage the schemes as business enterprises.
To improve the farmers capacity to run the schemes, the project will provide training in the following areas: (i) participatory training and extension for farmer water management (water users associations, farmer groups and lead farmers), (ii) water and environmental management, (iii) group formation and team building, (iv) basic book keeping, (v) marketing and credit management, and (vi) technical and business aspects of project management for the Farmer Apex Organization.
Environmental training will be conducted or supervised by the Ministry of Urban and Environment.
D) project Management Unit this will be responsible for Project management and delivery of Project outputs. The PMU will be Located in MINADER.

Benefits

The project will improve the food security situation and the livelihood of some 4,000-15000 households. This will be achieved by transforming former subsistence farmers to successful food crops growers and small livestock producers. The project will have a positive impact in improving the living standard of beneficiaries. The project will also contribute to building of skills of farmers especially in the area of food crops growing and thus will be able to supply Luanda population with vegetables. The project will lay the basis to assist subsistence farmers in the u of irrigation techniques on about 1,150 hectares and the use of rainfed agriculture on additional 26,000 hectares adjacent to the irrigation area to improve their skills in water management and soil conservation.
The project will directly benefit about 11, 000 households (55,000 individuals) and create 75,000 seasonal jobs. About 545 farmers' groups, women representing about 54% of their membership will be created and/or strengthened and trained by the project. The project will lead to a substantial increase in agriculture production; contribute to poverty alleviation and improved food security at household level.

Rational

The GoA has accorded high priority to the development of agriculture and the rural sector in the ECP 2003- 2006. The Governments principal strategy is to shift towards agricultural development programmes that aim at increasing food production in order to improve food self-sufficiency, while generating income through marketing of surplus to improve the standard of living of the population. GOA's is also committed to giving the private sector a greater role in the economy.
Consequently, a number of policies and institutional, legal and economic reforms have been enacted to enable speedy realisation of the country's development potential especially in agriculture.
In order for the sector to play its vital role in the economic development, the Bank through its CSP has found it imperative to support the reconstruction of country's food crop, irrigation and rural infrastructure sub-sectors through adoption of sustainable development interventions and programmes that address rural poverty and food insecurity.
Community infrastructure rehabilitation is fundamental for economic revival and for meeting domestic food requirements as well as diversifying the economy from its present reliance on petroleum and mineral sector. The project is therefore well located in the heart of agricultural production, and the interventions that are proposed under the project to accelerate up-ward post conflict production trends are already being used in some parts of the country and well adapted to the local practices in the project areas.
The project is based on a participatory approach as envisaged from its initial stages during the course of its identification, preparation and appraisal. The project design is mainly built on the experience and know-how of the target beneficiaries who are presently engaged in irrigated and rain fed agriculture. Farmers are keen to be involved in the project. Farmer/beneficiary participatory approaches have been integrated in the design of all project activities, including the project exit strategy.