Implementing Agency: MINISTRY OF URBANISM AND ENVIRONMENT
Location: National wide
The proposed Program will therefore address poverty reduction through improvement of environment through which all life subsists by: a)Production of a comprehensive environmental legislation and harmonization of all existing environmental legislation by removing overlap and contradiction, and filling the gaps by enacting new necessary legislations, thus strengthening legislation and governance to effectively protect the environment.b)Development of the necessary institutional structures with the capacity to generate, process and disseminate quality quantitative and qualitative information accessible to decision makers.Development of the necessary institutional structures, including establishment of a Nature Conservation Institute and the training of the necessary professional personnel needed for the effective execution of environmental policy, also integrating the vision and interests of civil society in development projects, and ensuring observing the rights of the local communities to access and benefit from natural resources, as well as respect for traditional knowledge and sharing of information.
The proposed program consists of two (2) environmental components that are essential for the protection of the environment in Angola. The components are: environmental legislation, governance and information system and institutional and capacity building for the environment sector. The Project design, structure and implementation is based on the decentralized structure of the Angolan Government. Drawing from the lessons of the past and on-going Bank financed Projects in Angola, the proposed Project will have an autonomous and a structured PIU based according to the current institutional structure of the Ministry of Environment Project Outputs/Indicators: Component I:Environmental Legislation, Governance And Information Management "Strengthen environmental legislation and governance."Develop an effective environmental information system. Component II: Institutional Capacity Building And Strengthening Of The Environment Sector "Strengthening of MINUA and regional environmental departments."Support the conservation of biodiversity and the improvement of dry land and the aquatic ecosystem through improved strategic capacity building at the Central and Provincial Government level for the enhancement of policy implementation and environmental planning Establishment of the Nature Conservation Institute, Laboratory and Environment Referral Library.
i) Improving environmental governance by enhancing transparency in management, strengthening internal and external control bodies, and implementing reforms of the judicial system and civil service. The issue of environmental governance in Angola is abysmally non-existent.ii) Ensuring food security for the population by undertaking sustainable development and sustainable exploitation of environment and natural resources. Thus, mechanisms for sustainable development will have either to be created or re-engineered and strengthened.iii) Overall poverty reduction through inclusive and decentralized participatory environmental decision making and institutional strengthening especially of local government institutions directly handling environmental planning and management.
Angola faces a variety of environmental problems resulting from a legacy of an extended civil war, which gave rise to widespread poverty, unsustainable use of natural resources, and the unregulated exploitation of oil, diamonds and other mineral resources. The institutional capacity in the environment sector is very low. This has resulted in lack of comprehensive environmental legislation and the absence of robust enforcement of existing laws. Reliable environmental information, necessary for decision makers to make informed decisions are hard to come by. With international support, Government has started the process of developing sound environmental management. It has updated the National Environmental Management Program (PNGA); and with the help of GEF and UNDP, the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) have been completed. UNDP is further piloting the implementation of sustainable land management interventions in Huambo and Bie Provinces in the central highlands. In a previous intervention, the Bank provided support to the Government of Angola, the primary output of which was the Report on the General State of the Environment in Angola (REGA). Other outputs included establishment of information center and production of 10 projects briefs/proposals to support the GoA in seeking financial and above all technical support in the area of environment planning and management. The new proposed Program is building on the above cited outputs, particularly converting the three (3) of the Project Briefs/investments, which had been prioritized by Government into a viable Project. The three (3) project proposals/investments cover the most urgent concerns from an environmental perspective and thus constitute this project, whose components include; environmental legislation, governance and environmental information system; biodiversity conservation through the establishment of Nature Conservation Institute, and institutional and capacity building in the environment sector