Name: EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE TO 2009 FLOOD MITIGATION
Approval date: 06-déc-2010
Task Manager: BANGWE Lewis Mupeta, RDGS4
Source(s) of financing SRF: 678729.96
Implementing Agency: GOVERNMENT OF ZAMBIA
Location: Lusaka, North-West, West, South & East
The main objective of the proposed emergency humanitarian assistance is to meet the urgent and immediate needs of flood victims including women, child headed households and the terminally ill who constitute about 52% of those affected. The proposed Bank emergency humanitarian relief assistance will contribute to the alleviation of the suffering of over 175,145 flood-affected victims in Zambia.
The request to the ADB for emergency humanitarian assistance is expected to cover emergency procurement and distribution of relief food for 175 ,145 households, and procurement and distribution of relief seeds and planting materials for 10,261 of the most affected populations. The US$1 million grant will finance 2,100 tons of maize, 25 tons of early maturing seed maize and 1.250 tons of vegetable seeds, including logistics. The assistance will be channelled through targeted food distribution to households with insufficient crop production due to flooding, as well as those with no livestock or other sources of income (remittances, wage labour, etc) to purchase food and seeds to enable them plant a winter crop. The widows, orphans, female- and elderly-headed households without visible means of support form the majority of beneficiaries located mostly in Central, Lusaka, North-Western, Western, Southern and Eastern Provinces. Relief food assistance will target vulnerable individuals and households with the primary objective of preserving livelihoods. The emergency relief assistance operation will be funded through a grant from the Bank's Special Relief Fund (SRF). A special case is being made to seek a total grant amount to US$1,000,000 as requested by the Zambian Government, on the basis of the magnitude of demand for relief food and planting materials to enable people rebuild their farming livelihoods quickly. It is proposed that the total contribution of US$1,000,000 would be used for buying approximately 2,100 tons of maize locally, seeds, and meet transport and distribution costs.
The proposed Bank emergency humanitarian relief assistance will contribute and supplement the Government efforts to alleviate the suffering of the flood-affected victims in Zambia. These are vulnerable individuals and households whose lives are threatened and their livelihoods disrupted. The emergency relief assistance operation will be funded through a grant from the Bank's Special Relief Fund
During the 2009/10 agriculture season, most areas of Zambia received above average rainfall. This caused severe damage to large number of roads, bridges, houses and basic infrastructure services in some parts of Zambia. The flooding ravaged large populations in Central, Lusaka, North-western, Southern and Eastern Provinces, have had a cumulative effect on close to 1 million people. Preliminary assessments by the National Vulnerability Assessment Committees (VACs), conducted during April 2010, indicate that the level of food insecurity and vulnerability is significantly high in the affected areas. VAC estimates indicate that 1 million people are unable to meet their food requirements as a result of crop failure induced by flooding. Based on the above assessments, women, child headed households and the terminally ill represent about 52% of the total affected population. The past two seasons have assumed a similar pattern of flooding, undermining the long term resilience of livelihoods. Against this background, the Government of the Republic of Zambia (GRZ) appealed to major cooperating partners, including the African Development Bank (AfDB), for emergency humanitarian assistance in a letter dated 20 April 2010 (see Annex I). The Government's request meets the eligibility criteria of the Banks emergency policy Guidelines and Procedures for Humanitarian Relief Assistance (ADB/BD/WP/2008/211.Rev.1/ADF/BD/WP/2008/173.rev.1), approved on 14 January 2009 by the Board of Directors. The proposed request also meets the established guidelines as related to emergency operations for natural disasters.