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A.Bedele - Metu road upgrading project
The 112 km Bedele - Metu road is a section of A5 trunk road which runs west of Addis Ababa and ends near the Sudanese border. The road section starts 440 km west of Addis Ababa and is situated in Oromia region. The town of Metu is famous for Coffee trade and has small scale agro-based industries including a beer brewery and a sugar factory. In addition to coffee, other crops farmed in the area include maize, sorghum, wheat, teff and barley. Built around 1970, the existing Bedele-Metu road has a bitumen surface with 6m carriageway and no shoulders. In general, both horizontal and vertical alignments are compatible with the topography although there are some sharp curves and steep gradients which are to be improved. The roads crosses five major rivers served with bridges with spans of 39 m to 84 m. The existing bridges are in good condition, and only one has ever been topped during floods and will require additional hydraulic capacity to be provided by way of additional cross culverts. In addition to the two major towns of Bedele and Metu, the road traverses 11 villages. The current road design has adopted speeds of 50km/h to 85 km/h, the lower speeds are designed for the villages and towns. The road width will be 7 m wide carriageway with two paved 1.5 m wide shoulders. However, along major towns, the road carriageway will be widened to 14 m to provide for vehicle parking plus 2.5 m wide walk paths. All the parameters to make the road safe for users and economic for maintenance have been incorporated in the design.
Project design i.Components A.Works: Bedele - Metu road upgrading project Construction of 112 km of road will involve the widening of the existing carriageway to 7 m and 1.5 m wide paved shoulders and construction of a pavement with asphalt concrete surface. The design will have provision for future installation of ICT fiber optics wires.
C.Services: Consultancy services for the supervision of roads works (A) and (B) D.Services: Consultancy services for technical, managerial and financial audit of the project implementation E.Services: Consultancy services for Road Safety campaign and HIV/AIDS awareness and gender sensitization. F.RAP: implementation of the Resettlement Action Plans
Current PRSP (Plan for Accelerated and Sustained Development to End Poverty (PASDEP)) covers the 2005/06-2009/10 and the current country CSP covers the period 2006-2010.
The Bedele - Metu road and Kombolcha - Bati - Mille road upgrading project fully complies with the strategic orientation of the Bank Group's CSP 2006-2010. The Ethiopian CSP has three strategic pillars namely (a) infrastructure development; (b) agricultural transformation; and (c) governance. Sectoral priorities within infrastructure include rehabilitation and upgrading of major road corridors to link high growth potential areas to domestic and export markets.
By supporting this project, the Bank will contribute to the objectives assigned in the first pillar and to an extent the objectives of second pillar. This is because one of the expected impact of the implementation of the road project is increased agricultural productivity, the CSP's second pillar. Furthermore the medium-term Bank Group strategy (2008-2012) has put a strong emphasis on infrastructure, including transport.
According to Banks 2008-12 Medium term Strategic Plan, the core challenges Africa faces and which provide the opportunities for Banks intervention are pervasive poverty, limited regional integration, low productivity and competitiveness, diminishing global trade share, low savings and investment, constrained financial flows, and lack of diversification. These are major challenges that the Bank attempts to meet. Yet within the development framework, the Bank Group is small relative to the scale and scope of the development challenge in Africa. For example, the African Development Fund (ADF) is only the seventh largest provider of aid to Africa and accounts for only about 3-4% of total aid .
Building on its strengths and in order to be effective and have a high impact, the Bank has chosen a strategy of selectivity and focus in its intervention and that is in areas where it has an advantage. The Bank has identified these areas to include Infrastructure, governance, private sector, and higher education/technology and vocational training and knowledge. Road transport infrastructure has been identified as one of the most important contributors to economic and social development in Africa and the Bank has been scaling up its support to the sector in the recent past, by investing large sums of money on key, even if fewer, well selected regional and national roads links.
It is in this context that the Bank will intervene in the Bedele- Metu road upgrading project. These roads are ranked amongst the two most important national roads to be upgraded. As shown elsewhere in this paper, the road sections are missing links, connecting areas with high economic potential.
A.Bedele - Metu road vi.The road section is a missing link between Addis Ababa and Gambela and it will provide access to people in the western part of the country enabling them to transport good and services to more people deeper in the country side vii.The Oromia region is rich in agricultural potential and already grows and trades in coffee as a cash crop. The improved access will allow a more economic exploitation of the agricultural potential and increase production and improve the market condition viii.The region from Gambela to Metu has budding agro-based industries which will benefit greatly from improved access and the transportation of raw materials and finished goods will improve, at lower cost and easily accessible to Addis Ababa, the centre of commerce in Ethiopia.
GARBADO Eriso Guntura - RDGE3