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The project will be implemented in two urban cities namely Ibadan in Oyo State and Jalingo in Taraba State, all in Nigeria. The project components are as follows:
Component A - Water Supply and Sanitation. This component will involve rehabilitation and construction of water intakes and treatment plants(only in Jalingo) and installation of customer and bulk meters; Extension, rehabilitation and replacement of water distribution networks including the construction of trunk mains, booster stations, water reservoirs and an estimated new 8,000 household connections in Jalingo and Ibadan, with some repair works at one treatment plant in Ibadan; It will also include the construction of improved sanitation facilities for schools, health centres, markets and other public places, Hygiene education and promotion, Community awareness creation and mobilization activities, and Environmental and Social Management.
Component B - Reforms and Capacity Building: This component will assist the two states to introduce necessary reforms that would facilitate private investment and sector management, particularly through Private-Public Partnerships. In Oyo State this component will entail the establishment of a Water Resources Directorate and capacity building in the area of IWRM, policy planning and coordination, and setting up a state level M&E system. The component will also entail the revision of state water policies, legislations and regulatory framework that will allow for improved service standards and performance and effective tariff administration in both Oyo State and Taraba State. It will also include technical assistance and training for the water utilities to develop and implement a strategy to:
(i) improve commercialisation of their operations, and
(ii) introduce Private-Public Partnerships in water supply in the two states by 2013. This component will also assist the two states to put in place the necessary regulatory frameworks for effective and transparent tariff administration, which will be underlined by the principles of financial sustainability and improved performance standards of service.
Component C - Project Management. This component will cover:
(i) Engineering services for detailed designs and preparation of tender documents and Project Supervision,
(ii) Operational Costs, and
(iii) Project Audit
The project will not affect any environmentally sensitive area (coral reefs, mangrove swamps, small islands, tropical rainforests, erosion-prone soils, etc.). No negetive socially sensitive impact has been identified to be associated with the project, such as affecting historic sites, displaced people or refugees, rural areas with relatively high population density, etc.),
The proposed project has two broad objectives:
(i) To improve access to safe water supply and hygienic sanitation services in the cities of Ibadan and Jalingo, from current levels of about 30% in Jalingo and Ibadan to 80% by 2013, and increase through rehabilitation and extension of the existing infrastructure, and
(ii) To improve sector management and the overall performance and long-term financial viability of urban water supply agencies in the two states through institutional reforms and capacity building
Access to clean water supply and sanitation in Ibadan and Jalingo is below the average for urban centres in Nigeria, resulting in high incidence of water borne desease. According to the water supply agencies the existing water supply facilities in the two cities cover only the central parts of the cities while actual access is estimated to be below 30% of the population. The situation for sanitation is even worse. Most public places such as markets, bus terminals and public schools lack adequate sanitation facilities. A recent study show that over 75% of schools in Ibadan use pit latrines while about 25% of pupils are reported to use the bush. Similar situation pertains in Jalingo. Health authorities in the two states have attributed the high prevalence of various water borne diseases to the lack of access to clean water and safe sanitation. Available statistics from Ibadan show that in 2004 reported cases of common water-borne diseases were: cholera - 1872; Thyphoid - 3048, Diarrhoea - 759
The project will contribute to increasing access to clean water and safe sanitation which would in turn lead to the reduction of infant mortality rate and reduce the number of reported water borne diseases mainly cholera, diarrheoa and typhoid by at least 30%. This will reduce health related costs for households, morbidity and the burden on women who usually care for sick members of the family. The provision of water and sanitation facilities that cater for different gender needs in public places such as markets, schools and health centres will improve hygienic conditions in the two project cities. This will provide an improved environment for women to engage more effectively in market activities; and girls will have access to adequate sanitary facilities at school without social hindrances. The project will address the main policy and institutional constraints, mainly the lack of effective policy planning and coordination, weak capacity for monitoring performance and service standards and poor tariff administration to enhance the long-term sustainability of the sector. The project is designed to cater for different gender needs and increase the role of communities and the private sector to enhance project sustainability.
The project will improve access to clean water and sanitation for an estimated population of 1.8 residents in the two cities, including men, women and children. The main cross-cutting benefits of the project will be the improvement in living conditions and public health in the cities with the associated gender impacts. The Ministry of Women Affairs in Oyo State has reported that poor hygiene and inadequate quantities and quality of water supply commonly cause disease outbreak particularly among children in the urban areas, and as a result the burden on women who normally care for the sick increases. Moreover, women usually patronize market places to sell or buy household items. The lack of clean water and sanitation facilities at these centres makes it more challenging for women to patronize; similarly girls are reported to find it challenging to attend school where sanitation and water supply facilities are lacking. The project is designed to address these particular concerns by proving clean water and safe sanitation for markets, schools and other public places. The Ministry of women Affairs and Community Development will play a critical role in hygiene education and the mobilization of market women and community groups during public consultations, and for the management of the facilities.
The provision of water and sanitation facilities that cater for different gender needs in public places such as markets, schools and health centres will improve hygienic conditions in the two project cities. This will provide an improved environment for women to engage more effectively in market activities; and girls will have access to adequate sanitary facilities at school without social hindrances. The project will address the main policy and institutional constraints, mainly the lack of effective policy planning and coordination, weak capacity for monitoring performance and service standards and poor tariff administration to enhance the long-term sustainability of the sector. The project is designed to cater for different gender needs and increase the role of communities and the private sector to enhance project sustainability.
The project is also designed to provide local employment to residents during construction. It is estimated that at least 30-40% of project costs will be used for local contracts for excavation, construction and local materials. Employment opportunities to be created for local artisans and suppliers will contribute to the local economy and improve the livelihood of the population.
MUGOYA Tom Robert - RDNG