Three Towns Water Supply Project


  • Référence: P-SL-EA0-001
  • Date d’approbation: 23/02/2011
  • Date de début: 23/11/2011
  • Date d'évaluation: 29/07/2010
  • Statut: En coursOnGo
  • Agence d'implémentation: SIERRA LEONE WATER COMPANY (SALWACO)
  • Emplacement: Bo, Kenema and Makeni Towns


ComponentDescription 1Infrastructure Water Supply Systems

(i)Treatment Plants for Bo (capacity: 46,829 M3/d), Kenema (capacity: 34, 473 M3/d) and; Makeni (capacity: 24,278 M3/d).

(ii)33.3 Km of transmission network rehab/replaced.

(iii) 184Km of distribution network rehab/replaced Sanitation

(i)Sanitation facilities for schools, health centres, markets and other public places (70 in Bo, 50 in Makeni and 63 in Kenema); and purchase of Vacuum Trucks.

(ii)Septic tank based sanitation system in each of the three cities: Environmental mitigation measures

(i)Implementation of the environmental mitigating measures

(ii)Relocation and compensation for economic activities carried by neighbouring communities from the 3 watersheds which will be financed by Government Engineering Services

(i)Engineering services for project management and overall supervision

2. Institutional Support Capacity Building of SALWACO and other sector Actors Services

(i)Management studies

(ii)Preparation of a marketing and communication strategy.

(iii)Enhancing capacity in technical, commercial, and financial areas

(iv)Development of a gender mainstreaming strategy

(v)Public health awareness/sanitation and hygiene promotion and communities behaviour changes

(vi)Provision and implementation of a social connection revolving fund to promote access to water services by the poor (vii)Capacity Development and training of WATSAN Sector staff in projects management Goods (viii)Providing logistical support, equipment and training (ix)Design and installation of web-based IT infrastructure

3Project Management Operational Expenses




(iv)Mid-term and annual reviews.


he project objectives are:

a) to improve access to safe water supply services in the cities of Bo, Makeni and Kenema, from current levels of less than 5% to 75% by 2015, through rebuilding of the existing infrastructure, and to improve sanitation in schools, health centres and other public places like markets and motor parks improving the current school sanitation situation from 500 pupils to 1 toilet compartment to 45 pupils to 1 toilet compartment (benefiting over 90,000 pupils); and

b) to enhance the institutional capacity, overall operational performance and long-term financial viability of SALWACO through institutional and organizational reforms and, capacity building.


The water supply schemes of the three towns were constructed during 1960's Thus. even before the war in Sierra Leone The Water Supply situatio of the three towns have deteriorated and need extensive rehabilitation. The facilities have also been damaged during the war and some of them have indeed been destroyed. The populations of the towns have grown and the meagre services that presentlyexist is no longer sufficient to satisfy demand. The towns therefore need rehabilition of the existing facilities and thier further extension in order to meet the current high demand of the population. The proposed project is therefore justified from the basic view of human survival ( improved hygiene and reduction of water related diseases) as well as the possibility of industrial development that could be supported by the availability of adequate resources including water.


The project targets urban and peri-urban settlements as well as schools, markets and health centres in Bo, Kenema and Makeni. The direct beneficiaries are residents in Bo, Kenema and Makeni with populations of 210,612, 176,612 and 108,951 respectively; the SALWACO, and the municipalities of the three towns. The outcomes of the project are increased coverage and functioning of water and sanitation services in the project area, and improved performance of SALWACO. The sanitation facilities at schools will provide a hygienic environment (child friendly schools) especially for the girl child leading to better learning environment and the sanitation facilities at public places will be of direct benefit to all residents.

The residents/retail customers of the water utilities will benefit from improved services, both in terms of access and quantity delivered. The water utility will benefit from improved capacity to deliver better services.

The capacity building component will also benefit small-scale service providers of water and sanitation services (management of kiosks and public sanitation facilities), mainly targeting women groups. The adoption of improved hygienic practices and use of sanitation will lead to improved sanitary environment benefiting all the residents of the three cities.

Contacts clés



Source Montant
FADUAC 20.800.000
OPECUAC 12.850.000
Co-financierUAC 7.700.000
TotalUAC 41.350.000
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