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The project has three components namely 1) Fisheries Resources Development and Management; 2) Integrated Water Resources Management and 3) Project Management and Coordination.
COMPONENT 1: Fisheries Resources Development and Management
Sub Component: "Regional Monitoring, Control Surveillance Maritime Safety:
(i) 5 Well equipped Patrol Boats with radar communication equipment, and 4 surveillance stations,
(ii) Conducting joint surveillance operations;
(iii) Design of sub regional funds for MCS Operations maintenance and training of staff;
(iv) Harmonization of Policy Legislation against the use of illegal gears;
(v) Maritime security survey.
Sub Component II:Fishery management:
(i) Fish frame Survey every two year;
(ii) Permanent Catch Assessment Survey with standard methodology for both countries;
(ii) 1 research vessel for Lake Albert;
(iii) ICT equipment ( shared data bases for each lake);
(iv) Construction of two fisheries research stations;
(v) Identification and demarcation of the main fish breeding areas;
(vi) Design and implementation of fisheries management plans for each lake; vii) Removal and control of aquatic weeds by mechanical and manual harvesters.
Sub component III:Fish Conservation and value addition:
(i) Construction of 5 Standard Fish handling facilities in the major landing sites;
(ii) Construction/rehabilitation of 120 km of feeder roads;
(iii) Capacity Building/Training of Beach Mgt Units (at least 30% of women) and women associations in fish handling;
(iv) Sensitization program for the use of mukene and ragori stocks. Iv)Promotion of alternative livelihoods for women (Apiculture and poultry development, distribute Small ruminants (goat and sheep) and seeds through pass-on scheme for women);
(v) Survey to evaluate aquaculture potential (carrying capacity for tilapia cage farming) for each lake for women;
(vi) 10 Demonstration sites for cage fish farming (5 each in each country; 50% women trained) vii) Support to fish farmers and women to access existing credit schemes; viii) Tree planting Woodlots development ix) Establishment for committee for Joint Forest Management (30% women) with special training for women in Joint Forest Management. ix) Boat construction and repairs; xi) Training of the BMUs in the use of appropriate fish capture technology with special training for women on financial literacy, leadership
Component II: Integrated Water Resources Management
Sub Component I: Catchment and wetland Management:
(i) Soil erosion and lake water/siltation sedimentation reduced);
(ii) Improved basin vegetation cover (4,000,000 agro forestry and fruit trees with 500,000 local trees to be planted);
(iii) 1000 ha in each country wetland and riverbank buffer areas restored,
(iv) 2000 producers / fishers trained.
Sub Component II: Water quality and quantity assessments:
(i) 2 well equipped water laboratories;
(ii) 2 Construction of hydro-meteorological stations and infrastructure;
(ii) Development of basin hydrological and natural resources database.
(iii) Provide on-site- sanitation facilities (40 toilets and 40 boreholes will be provided).
Sub Compoenent III: Development of Lake Edward and Albert Basin Water resources model:
(i) Establishment community based wetland management organization,
(ii) development and implementation trans-boundary management frameworks,
(iii) facilitate establishment of lake management funds,
(iv) support resources mobilization for LEA projects and
(v) building capacity on IWRM.
Sub Component IV: Maritime safety: Establishment and operationalization of a maritime safety system for
Component III: Project Management Coordination
Sub Component I: Strengthening the existing Regional Project Coordination Unit in NELSAP:
(i) Recruitment of the RPCU, Project Accountant Fisheries Expert;
(ii) Coordinate the establishment of the LEABO;
(iii) Coordinate the Procurement activities of the Project;
(iv) Coordination Supervision of the Work plan Budget;
(v) M E;
(vi) Audit of Project activities
Sub- Component II: Support to the National Focal Institutions:
(i) Identification and deployment of the Staff of Ministries of Fisheries Water Resources to work on the Project;
(ii) Support to National Focal Offices in Port Fortal (Uganda) and Bunia and Besmobo (DRC);
(iii) Capacity Building of the RCU and National Focal Institutions; Provision of 5 vehicles (2 for each country and 1 for NESAP); IT and Office equipment raining for the Field staff. Baseline Survey
The project development objective is to develop, manage and utilize the LEA basin water and fisheries resources in a sustainable manner
Firstly, the recent trend of environmental degradation in the Lakes Edward and Albert basin is a main source of threat not only to fish resources but also biodiversity degradation and over-exploitation of plant species. This has led to soil erosion, and pollution of soils, water and the atmosphere as well as vulnerability to climate change and all these raise concerns about the inherent risks in the basins immediate environment. Consequently, residents of basin (close to 12 million) live in precarious and increasingly vulnerable conditions.
Secondly, the Bank has previous knowledge in working in multi-state Lakes basins as it financed and implemented the Lakes Tanganyika Development Project which facilitated the establishment of the Lake Tanganyika Development Authority. The Project activities support the promotion of regional trade on the one hand and would help confidence building on the other hand between the two countries often with history of mutual suspicion of one another. It is envisaged that confidence building between the two neighbours through this project, will assist in reducing political tension which is common occurrence.
The Bank's involvement will also contribute to the achievement of the commitments made and compliance with international treaties such as the Ramsar Convention and the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (two which the two countries are signatories) by ensuring equitable and reasonable utilisation of shared water resources; obligation not to cause significant harm to co-riparian's and information sharing which largely remain unimplemented
The estimated number of direct beneficiaries is about 400,000 people consisting mainly of the members of BMU/UGREP in the two countries who are active stakeholders along the value chains. They include about 35% fishermen who actually do fishing on the lakes, 10% crew members of the fishing boats/vessels while the rest is made of 55% who are involved in the various value addition processes of where the women predominate.
In addition to job creation for local communities in the Lakes' regions (5000 jobs would be directly created while another 20,000 indirect with 50% of these benefiting the women), the project will also improve regional and local consultation/cooperation for integrated natural resources management and intra-regional trade in fish product as well as address the social dimensions of resilience, which will in the long run reduce potential sources of local conflict. In the drive to reduce the factors of fragility, LEAF II will be implemented according to a "participatory" and "conflict-sensitive" approach, which allows for continued consultation and coordination with the various stakeholders during the implementation of the activities.
The financial and economic performance were assessed on twenty-year life span for investments. The economic analysis was based on the reference price method and the comparison of the "no-project" and "project" situations. Generally, the project's contribution to the countries' economy was assessed based on the assumptions listed below, which include:
(i)The net project benefits were evaluated over a period of 20 years;
(ii)The project costs were made based on investments made which include physical contingencies, maintenance and repair costs, and production costs (catchment restoration activities, agricultural works etc.).
(iii)The capital and new equipment costs and the prices of the fish products used are constant prices (net of taxes and customs duties) The project will involve fishers grouped into association and these groups will experience improvement in the catch of their fishing units as a result of the project intervention. The groups involve in fish processing and products promotion (largely women) will receive support through the project. The financial analysis was based on fishing unit comprising of a non motorized canoe (NMC), motorized canoe (MC) and a traditional (dugout canoe) fishing vessel (DC).
The financial analysis was carried out based on:
(i) activity models using prevailing 2014 market prices of productions and inputs (investment and operating inputs, fishing gear (boat and nets), small equipment (outboard engines, and labour);
(ii) area/family household models and
(iii) farm distribution. In this condition, the analysis generated NPV, IRR and B/C ratio equal to USD 23.8 million, 21.60 % and 1.64, respectively.The economic analysis was conducted using the same approach as the financial analysis, on the basis of shadow prices (prices in conditions of the efficient market operation) of tradable goods most especially the various species of fish that are traditional to these lakes including Neobola, Brycinus, Hydrocynus, Tilapia Aletes Lates. For Lake Albert and Bagrus, Protopterus, Clarias and Tilapia for Lake Edward). In addition, other indirect benefits were also expected, such as, benefits from development of infrastructure for fish trade, alternative livelihoods, and access to social services benefits (reduction in the medical bill) and the reduction of women's households' chores (increased productivity).
LOULSEGED Mekonnen Kifle - RDGE2