Agriculture Sector Support Project ASSP Phase II
- Référence: P-ET-A00-004
- Date d'évaluation: 01/03/2011
- Présentation au conseil: 27/07/2011
- Statut: PipelinePIPE
- Agence d'implémentation: MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
- Emplacement: Several Regions of Ethiopia
Based on the above the proposed project will focus on
(i) small-scale irrigation (SSI) aimed at reducing the variability of the moisture available for crop production and to provide additional areas where irrigated crops can be grown will be used.
(ii) water harvesting for human and livestock use
(iii) watershed management and prevention of environmental degradation
(iv) agricultural marketing of constraints will be addressed, with due consideration to value addition and avoiding post-harvest losses and increasing income ASSP-II will also finance capacity and institutional development at all levels, starting from the farmers at the Kebeles, through Woredas and Regions up to Federal level where the macro level planning, design, monitoring and evaluation is carried out.
The programme aims at improvement in rural livelihoods and food security through promotion of small scale irrigation, water harvesting development, sustainable environmental conservation and capacity building.
Ethiopia is an agrarian society, rated as one of the poorest countries in the world (ranked 172nd out of 174 countries in the UNDP Index), with a per capita income of USD 110. The incidence of poverty is higher in rural (47%) than urban (33%) areas with rural households suffering from poor agricultural technology and highly vulnerable to external shocks such as drought, famine and increased environmental degradation.
Most of Ethiopia's agriculture is dependent on seasonal rainfall. Serious food insecurity has resulted as the quantity and distribution have not been adequate to sustain crop and livestock production. Recurrent droughts exacerbate the situation in many parts of the country and do prevent rural communities from building up their assets to reduce their vulnerability and dependency on food aid. If the reliance on rainfed agriculture is reduced in parallel with the implementation of measures to overcome the vagaries of nature, the levels of food insecurity will decline.
The following benefits will accrue from the implementation of the project: "Improved national and household food security "Increased employment "Income generation and poverty reduction "Improved environmental management on sustainable basis following mitigation measures and an overall improvement in ecosystem biodiversity. "Women and youth empowerment through improved quality of life and community empowerment skills, including women's training, project formulation training and gender awareness and sensitisation. "improved supply of drinking water for humans and animals, and time saved in fetching water
HAILEMARIAM Hailemeskel - OSAN1