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After two decades of conflict, Somalia is now on a path to emerge from fragility to recovery and aims to re-assert its sovereignty to maintain peace and stability. The Federal Government of Somalia is committed to take ownership and responsibility for the country’s future. At this stage, however, the governance structures are not in place and public administration is not functioning due to the following key challenges:
The project involves capacity development of the Ministry of Public Works, Reconstruction and Housing (MPWRH) and sub-Federal state level administrative bodies responsible for Public Works; with the goal of enabling them to fulfil their mandates of developing and providing access to related public services for Somalis.
Access to improved water supply in Somalia is estimated at 32%, while populations with improved sanitation are estimated at a staggering 24%, one of the lowest in the world. Recurring droughts, now a common natural feature of Somalia, combined with internal displacement and a deteriorated network of water points to compound poor access, forcing supply needs often to be met through emergency operations, such as water trucking. Lack of access to clean and safe water has exacerbated incidences of water-borne diseases especially cholera which is endemic in Somalia. This has contributed to a high under-five child mortality rate of 133 per 1,000 live births. Climate change continues to negatively impact Somalia’s ability to achieve food and water security. In rural areas, an inadequate network of pastoral water structures that supply both domestic and livestock water remains the major cause of conflict between pastoralists and settled communities.
Taking due cognisance of the fragile situation in Somalia - where 25 years of protracted conflict and increased violence has contributed to social insecurity and undermined service delivery; the water project concentrates on (i) construction/rehabilitation of simple rural water supply/sanitation systems to improve access to water and sanitation services and (ii) building the capacity of the MoEWR in enhancing service delivery. The adopted approach will contribute to both improving the quality of life for the beneficiaries and state building in Somalia
Somalia’s economic and financial governance systems continue to be faced with several challenges, including human resources constraints at the Federal Government of Somalia’s (FGS) Ministry of Finance, and line ministries in charge of infrastructure developments. Limited fiscal space due to weak revenue raising capacity, and the challenging security situation, makes it difficult for the public sector to attract skilled manpower. In turn, this constraints the FGS from delivering the much needed public services.
Given these challenges, the project aims to reinforce revenue mobilization, macroeconomic management, and financial accountability and transparency practices at the Ministry of Finance (the Lead Executing Agency) and the Ministries of Energy and Water Resources, Ports and Marine Transport, and Transport and Civil Aviation.