The Government of Rwanda is committed to providing accessible, sustainable and affordable basic water supply and Sanitation services and facilities to the whole population by 2017. The African Development Bank, whose current on-going activities in Rwanda comprise of 20 operations with a total commitment of UA 307 million in different sectors, has since 1974 contributed to the financing and the development of the water and sanitation sector. Currently the Bank Co-chairs the Water and Sanitation Sector Working Group (SWG).
The Water and Sanitation SWG, which brings together all relevant government organs with all development partners involved in the sector, fully participates in reviewing the sector policy actions and contributes to the setting up of sector targets that contribute to the achieving of the objectives. Through the Sector, the Bank has contributed to the reviews of the outcomes of the implementation strategies of the Country’s 1st Economic and Development Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS I) and to the development of country’s EDPRS II.
The Water and Electricity Supply (AEPE) Project which was funded by the Bank and the Government of Rwanda (GoR) at a total cost of 20.85m UA, contributed greatly at the rehabilitation of the Water and Electricity Infrastructure –which had been destroyed in the war - both in the City of Kigali and in the country side in general. The project which was approved in 2003, focused mainly on: Studies for the development of the Kigali Water and Sanitation Master Plan; The National Electricity Master Plan; Training of Personnel; Procurement of Specialized equipment for the water supply; Works and water supply and Per-urban development and awareness promotion. The project greatly contributed to the building of the capacity and performance of the water and electricity Implementation Agency.
Following the recommendations by the General Assembly of the African Development Bank in 2002 to support the African countries in elaborating their rural water supply and sanitation programs so as to facilitate their achieving of the MDGs, the Bank and the GoR elaborated the Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Program – PNEAR.
PNEAR I, financed by the Bank and the GoR at a cost of 17.18m UA became effective in 2005 and was completed in 2009. With an overall aim of providing sustainable drinking water supply and sanitation services to rural communities so as to improve their living conditions, the project which had 4 components focused on 10 districts in 3 Provinces. At completion – Dec 2009, the project which was at 98% implementation rate, was able to supply water to 474,754 through 6 Piped water systems, 1084 protected springs, and 13 water harvesting tanks. The project also availed sanitation services to 14 600 people through the construction of 2120 domestic latrines and the construction of 15 Public block latrines each with ten doors. The project also trained 358 personnel involved in the project.
Towards the completion of PNEAR I, preparations were made for the second sub- program i.e. PNEAR II which became effective September 2009.
With the overall goal of improving the living conditions of the rural people in the targeted 216 rural localities of 15 districts, through providing them with sustainable drinking water supply and improved sanitation services, the project focuses on 3 main components. These are: Development of the water supply and sanitation infrastructure; institutional support to the intervention structures involved in the program and the management of the program.
At completion by December 2013, the project will have built 4 water supply systems totaling to 153km, will have built 12 Medium water supply systems totaling to 280 km, and will have constructed 100 water harvesting tanks and protected 801 springs. The current overall progress of the 16 water systems is 87%. Of the 130 Public latrines progress is at 99% while that of the Private family latrines is at 67%. All the 500 technicians have been trained and so have the 250 female hygiene outreach workers and the 100 teachers. 16 Private water user agency managers have been trained.
The average disbursement rate for both the ADF and the RWSSI components is 62.50% but will soon increase at the payment of the outstanding requests.
Latest update May 2013