Activités en Ouganda
Overview & key elements of interventions
- The African Development Bank Group (AfDB) is among the multilateral development partners supporting the Ugandan government. It has been a key player in supporting the water sector in Uganda since 1968.
- Support prior to 2011was provided in line with the Uganda Joint Assistance Strategy (UJAS 2005-2009) which was developed and agreed among Development Partners, in consultation with the government, as a strategic framework to assist the government in implementing its 2004 revised Poverty Eradication Action Plan (PEAP). It provided for Budget and projects support among other funding modalities. Current ongoing support is in line with the 2011-2015 CSP
- The Bank’s committed support towards the water sector since 1968 is approximately UA 166.81 (approx USD 255 million). The urban subsector has the larger share with *UA106 m while funding for the rural subsector is *UA 60m. Support has been towards 2 studies and 7 project/programs of which two have RWSSI input,
- The Bank’s current project portfolio includes 1 on-going sanitation program whose objectives have no component of water development but are rather focussed on improved sanitation in the capital city, Kampala, and reversing the environmental degradation of Lake Victoria. The other support is towards two programs; the regional Water and sanitation program in 15 towns in the EAC member states around lake Victoria, also with a focus of reducing pollution of the lake. The other is a Water Supply and Sanitation Program supporting both rural and urban communities and implemented through country financing and procurement modalities.
- Previous flagship projects in the water and sanitation sector completed in the country with Bank financing include:
- The 7 Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Project with USD 28 m funding. The project, targeted 7 towns, providing an integrated package of piped water supply, public and school sanitation, storm water drainages and complete solid waste management systems with disposal sites, garbage tractor trailers and collection bins
- The Rural Water Supply and Sanitation programme with earmarked sector budget support of USD 60 m funding. The programme with RWSSI funding support, contributed towards providing improved rural water supply for 3.3 m people to raise the national rural water coverage from 61% in 2005/06 to 65% in 2008/09, while the rural sanitation coverage raised from 57% in 2005/06 to 68% in 2008/09.
- The Country has also benefited from the African Water Facility funding for a total of EUR 1.2 million supporting both urban poor and rural water and sanitation projects. EUR 800,000 provided prepaid meters and sanitation facilities to over 13,000 urban poor in the slums of Kagugube parish in Kampala. While EUR 449,000 provided 642 domestic ferro cement tanks (6 cum) in three water stressed districts.
Details of on-going projects
- The Bank has committed a UA35m loan for Kampala sanitation program phase I, which is co financed with the German development bank KfW (*UA 15.3m) and the European Union (*UA 6.7m). Government had initially committed UA7.9m but have further committed an additional Euro 30m towards the program. The project refurbished the old sewerage treatment plant at Bugolobi and is in final stages of constructing a sewer plant (5000 cum/day) at Lubigi in the city suburbs. The bulk of AfDB funds (98.4%) is going toward putting in place Waste Water treatment plants for the main catchment of the city ie Nakivubo and Kinawataka catchments with a total capacity of 53,000 cum/day. This is to treat both the city sewerage as well as the effluent in the main water channels draining into the lake. Methane gas generated by the process will be used to generate electricity to run the system, making the project a potential candidate for carbon credit. The main Waste Water Treatment plant construction contract with OTV/Cementers and ROKO is on-going and the contractor finalised review of 95% of the designs, he further constructed all whether access routes and bridges and commenced loading of earthworks. Detailed geotechnical surveys were completed which revealed much deeper and a lot more expensive foundations. Promising soil tests on a nearby alternative site has shown near perfect conditions for the heavy plants and the consultant are revisiting the design hydraulics to fit the new site. The old site is to be developed as a constructed wetland to further filter the effluent before entry into the lake. Treatment of the effluent from Kinawataka is to receive pre-treatment and then be pumped to the main plant at the alternative site for treatment. The program has supported a tariff and affordability study and the results are to be reviewed by the finance committee and later the NWSC Board.
- On the 5th of October 2011, the Bank approved the Uganda Water Supply and Sanitation Programme designed to support the Government of Uganda towards achieving its goals for 2015 for water supply and sanitation. The Programme is in line with the Joint Water Supply and Sanitation Programme Support (JWSSPS) established in 2007 by the GoU and the Development Partners (DPs). The contribution of the Bank of UA 40 million from ADF allocation and AU 3.58 million from the Rural Water and Sanitation Trust Fund (RWSSI TF) is representing 15.3% of the total financing of the JWSSPS. The program is supporting 20 urban towns with WATSAN development in the central regions. Works on Kakiri and Wakiso town water supply are complete while Kasanje town is 80% complete. Water works have commenced in three other towns while public sanitation works have commenced in 12 towns. The program is supporting rural watsan supply through construction of three extensive Gravity Flow schemes(GFS) cutting across districts Construction contract for Two of the GFS have been signed ready to start. Program support of UA 12.m is furthermore directed towards Sector Budget Support where rural WATSAN facilities are implemented through Local Govt under decentralisation. The results will be captured in the annual Sector Performance Report 2013
- The regional Lake Vitoria program is supporting 5 towns around the lake in Uganda. The consultancy designs are ready and Procurement for works is in advanced stages to put in place 5 town water supply systems; 5 solid water management system with dumping sites, tractor trailers and skips; 4 feacal treatment plants with an assortment of Ugatugs and exhausters , 32 public toilets.
Recently Approved Operation
- The Bank recently approved Euro 1,00,080 under AWF towards an Urban poor Sanitation project (KUPSIP) targeting 200,000 beneficiaries in informal settlements of Kampala capital city. Arrangements are under way to launch the project.
- The Global Environment Fund (GEF/LDCF) has also approved USD 8.3m toward climate proofing of the bank funded Water Supply and Sanitation Program. Arrangements are under way to engage a consultant to prepare the detailed project document
Bank role as a sector lead (2011 – 2012)
Uganda’s donor coordination mechanism is composed at the high level by the Local Development Partner Group (LDGP), which brings on board all heads of development agencies and over 25 diverse macro and thematic sector working groups that meet regularly on a broad spectrum of national issues. The Water and Environment Sector Working Group (WESWG) is the formal decision-making body on water supply, sanitation and environment related issues. The working group is supported by two sub sector working groups: (i) the Water and Sanitation Sub-Sector Working Group (WSSWG) and (ii) the Environment and Natural Resources Sub-Sector Working Group (ENRSWG). Each Subsector working group has a supporting Development Partner Working Group. Water and Sanitation Development Partner group (WSSDPG) is led through a troika arrangement with a chair and two co-chairs (outgoing and incoming chair). The Bank led the WSSDPG during 2007/8 and again resumed leadership in October 2011 for the year 2011/12 and handed over the chair to Danida but retained the co-chair position for the current year 2012/13.
Latest update May 2013