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African Development Report 2012 - Overview.pdf


Africa’s recent growth reflects many years of policy reforms coupled with a surge in extraction and export of its natural resources. To sustain this growth, and make it more inclusive, will require difficult policy choices in the long term. Current practices have implications for sustainability of natural assets, which are the source of livelihood for the vast majority of the population in Africa. For instance, the agriculture sector employs about 60 percent of Africa’s total population and contributes a third of its GDP. With the challenges of the 21 st century, such as climate change and population growth, it has become imperative for Africa to pursue a new model of growth, namely green growth.

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