Project Details
Sector: Water Sup/Sanit Approval date: 28-nov-2007 Task Manager: DEMISSIE Eskendir Alemseged, RDGS4
Total cost: 24000000
Currency: UAC
Source(s) of financing
ADF: 12000000
Government: 12000000


To improve the access , quality and sustainability of water supply and sanitation services of Sumbe town


The project comprises of rehabilitation/expansion of water supply and sanitation system in Sumbe and the development of a Comprehensive National Rural Water and Sanitation Program. The project's main components are: a) Water Supply infrastructure; b) Sanitation consisting of (b.1) rehabilitation of sewerage infrastructure, (b.2) On site sanitation in schools, health centres, markets and public places and (b.3) solid waste management c) Community Mobilization, Hygiene Education and Environmental Awareness, d) Institutional Support for Water and Sanitation Utility, e) Development of Comprehensive National Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Program and f) Project Management.


The project area is the town of Sumbe, the capital of Kwanza Sul province situated 360 Kms South of Luanda. The beneficiaries of the project are the populations of Sumbe including the semi urban and peri urban areas as well as the adjacent satellite towns of E15 and Chingo.The population is estimated at 140,000 of whom the majority (70%) live in the periurban area. The project will also benefit the schools and health sector facilities, as well as the commercial sectors in the city.


The need to improve the water supply and sanitation services in the project area- Sumbe is a high priority for GOA as well as for the population of the surrounding peri urban areas where the majority of the population live. The proposed project is based upon the Master Plan Water Supply and Sanitation Study, and is in line with the water sector strategy 2003 which prioritizes the rehabilitation of water and sanitation systems of the provincial capitals of Angola with very big populations which grew 5-10 fold during the years of conflict. Sumbe ranks among the bottom 3, based on the criteria of total per capita production over installed capacity as well as actual production capacity of the water system over population. The other bottom ranked cities have already been included under funding from WB and Chinese credit. The project is an integral part of the strategic development plan prepared for Sumbe covered under the GOA financed Master Plan and Pre Feasibility study. The study considered various alternatives, taking into account the available water resources, various technologies, investment and operation and maintenance costs, availability of spare parts, as well as staffing requirements. As far as possible, rehabilitation of existing facilities has been the preferred option over construction of new facilities. In addition, other factors considered were affordability, social acceptability and environmental sustainability. The project is the outcome of extensive consultations carried out during the study stage, with various stakeholders, including communities to be served, local authorities, health officials, FAS and NGOs. Comprehensive survey of the beneficiary communities was carried out in order to determine effective demand, willingness and ability to pay for the selected level of services. Stakeholder workshop was conducted, in order to agree on the preferred technology options. Issues considered included: ability to pay, the institutional and management options. The workshop was also used to solicit communities support. In formulating the project, the experience of other donors on similar projects and the Bank's experience with operations in other countries have also been taken into account. Operation and maintenance of projects financed under and operated directly by the local authorities suffered due to lack of adequate institutional arrangements, as compared with those being operated by CUs. The project is anchored in the multi donor Technical Unit in DNA which will enhance synergies with other projects and reduce on the transaction costs by the EA. At project town level, a project implementation team will be established to coordinate and manage activities. Curtailing the high levels of Unaccounted for Water (UFW) will save resources and also prepare the systems for further expansion to cope with increases in demand. The proposed project falls within this framework of sector development, which also conforms to the Bank Group's integrated water resources management policy. The project is high among the priorities of both the national and provincial governments, as indicated by the priority given to the sector in the country's PRSP.