Economic and Sector Work


The State of Kenya's Private Sector - Recommendations for Government, Development Partners and the Private Sector

A thriving private sector is central to achieving the objectives of Kenya’s Vision 2030. In fact the success of Vision 2030 is largely premised on the role of the private sector in achieving the countries growth objectives and, thereby, creating greater wealth and employment opportunities.

COP22 - South African wind energy farm lights up over 120,000 homes while saving carbon emissions: AfDB/CIF-funded

In recent years, the South African electricity sector, once operationally efficient, ran into major capacity constraints. As a result, power rationing and other measures instituted to prevent the electricity system from collapsing affected the entire economy, especially the country's mining industry, leading to shutdowns of some of the largest mining operations, putting thousands of jobs at risk. In addition, climate change is affecting South African life, especially the poor population, and the country is a major emitter of greenhouse gases, generating its electricity largely from coal. As...

East Africa Quarterly Bulletin - Second Quarter 2014

The East Africa Quarterly Bulletin is produced by country economists and country program officers of the African Development Bank Group’s (AfDB) East Africa Regional Resource Center (EARC), Nairobi, Kenya. The publication covers thirteen countries including Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, South Sudan1 , Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. The Bulletin is part of the AfDB’s monitoring of socio-economic developments across the continent and provides summary information on the previous quarter’s major developments across the sub-region for which data...

Mali - 2012 - Profil du genre pays

En appui au gouvernement du Mali, la Banque initie l’élaboration du Profil Genre Pays (PGP) pour concrétiser son engagement à promouvoir l’égalité des sexes et aider le pays à atteindre ses objectifs en la matière. Le gouvernement malien accorde la priorité à la prise en compte des questions de genre dans le processus de développement, notamment à travers le Cadre Stratégique de Croissance et de Réduction de la Pauvreté (CSCRP) et le Document de Stratégie Pays (DSP). Les conclusions et recommandations du présent Profil Genre seront utilisées pour le dialogue pays et pour les opérations de la...

Southern Africa Quarterly Review and Analysis – 1st Quarter 2013 - Issue 8

Southern Africa is projected to grow at 4.4 percent in 2013. A strong first quarter performance in many of the countries set the region on course towards this growth rate. In Angola, despite a slight deceleration of output in the non-oil sector, growth remained quite healthy, supported by oil production. Botswana maintained strong growth on the back of a resurging mining sector. Lesotho maintained positive growth that largely reflected the mining and textile sub-sectors’ good sustained performance, while in Malawi growth rebounded in the first quarter, with the main drivers being improved...

Southern Africa Quarterly Review and Analysis – 2nd Quarter 2013 - Issue 9

Economic activity in Southern Africa remained quite strong in the second quarter, giving optimism that the region is on course to attain a projected annual average growth rate of 4.4 percent. Angola witnessed a pickup in growth in the non-oil sector, which combined with strong oil production to maintain a healthy second quarter performance. Botswana sustained its strong growth on the back of a resurging mining sector. However, recent adverse weather conditions in the country moderated overall growth during the second quarter. Growth was positive in Lesotho, largely reflecting good performance...

Economic Brief - Accelerating the AfDB’s Response to the Youth Unemployment Crisis in Africa

This paper was prepared as a background paper for the Joint Youth Employment Initiative for Africa which was launched in 2011 by the AfDB, African Union, ILO and UNECA. The objective of this initiative is to support Regional Member Countries (RMCs) in addressing the growing youth unemployment crisis in Africa. This paper was primarily a response to: (i) the Board’s concerns on high unemployment in the continent, particularly among the youth (ii) the need for a coherent Bank perspective for the high-level seminar on “youth unemployment and inclusive growth” at the 2011 annual meetings...

Zimbabwe Infrastructure Report 2019

Zimbabwe has faced headwinds over the last decade resulting in a collapse of the economy. However, following the political transition of November 2017, the new government requested the African Development Bank to update the 2011 Zimbabwe Infrastructure Flagship Report, so as to aid in investment planning as part of the vision 2030. The government also requested the Bank to prepare an urgent economic report, to assist and advice on re-engagement with the international community. All these requests were to aid in the Joint Needs Assessment that was to be coordinated by the Bank, the United...

Madagascar - Profil Genre Pays

Le présent Profil Genre fournit au DSP 2017-2021 de Madagascar, un cadre de référence pour l’exécution de ses opérations, le genre étant parmi ses thèmes transversaux, outre la gouvernance, les emplois décents pour les jeunes, l’entrepreneuriat féminin et le changement climatique. Le DSP 2017-2021 les intègrera systématiquement dans la mise en œuvre de ses deux piliers : le développement des infrastructures de l’énergie et des transports pour soutenir la croissance inclusive et le soutien à la transformation de l’agriculture et au développement de l’industrie. Le Profil Genre de Madagascar (...

Uganda - Country Gender Profile - 2016

This Country Gender Profile (CGP) for Uganda has the explicit−and limited−purpose of informing the operational work of the Bank in Uganda, as it seeks to implement the Ten-Year Strategy (TYS), the Gender Mainstreaming Strategy, and the "High 5" agenda of the President. Specifically, it aims to facilitate the systematic integration of gender considerations into the formulation of the planned 2017-21 Country Strategy paper (CSP) for Uganda, preparation of which began in early 2016. Consequently, it focuses primarily on the operational needs of the Bank, while providing supplemental information...

Côte d'Ivoire - Energy Sector Gender Profile - 2016

The aim of this Sector Gender Profile (SGP) is to identify where gender issues are important for the development of Côte d’Ivoire's energy sector, and to articulate actions that can be undertaken to strengthen attention to gender in sector policies and programs. Since the Bank is preparing an investment project to provide electricity in the South West and to electrify 252 rural localities, this SGP also seeks to address gender issues as these relate specifically to this project.

Kenya - Country Gender Note for Kenya in the context of the Bank CSP 2014-2018 Mid Term Review: Is Gender a number one poverty issue?

In the context of the African Development Bank (AfDB) Country Startegy Paper 2014-2018 (CSP 2014-2018) Mid Term Review for Kenya, the Bank approached UN Women for collaboration in the development of a Country Gender Note. The gender note is focused on an overview of recent developments and updates that have taken place in Kenya. It complements the CSP 2014-2018 mid-term review report; and gives more up-to-date and accurate information about the gender equity needs in Kenya for operational work. The country gender note is intended as a guide for the AfDB and UN Women in their support for...

Mauritanie - Profil Genre Pays - 2015

En Mauritanie, les progrès en matière de développement humain et d’égalité de sexe sont avérés. Ils témoignent d’une volonté politique affirmée qui se manifeste à travers la ratification par le Gouvernement des principales conventions internationales en faveur des droits humains et de l’équité de genre ainsi que les efforts d’harmonisation des dispositifs juridiques nationaux par rapport à celles-ci. Ces avancées sont appuyées par les efforts d’une société civile de plus en plus engagée et l’accompagnement de la communauté internationale. Malgré ces progrès réalisés, les disparités de genre...

Case Study – June 2018 - Geothermal Energy Powering Kenya’s Future – Menengai Geothermal Field Development Facilitated by Public-Private Partnerships

This case study was financed by the Climate Investment Funds (CIF), and prepared by Jan Van Den Akker from Baastel. A number of people contributed to the preparation of this case study. The author is grateful to Solomon ASFAW from African Development Bank (AfDB) and George Mwenda from Kenya’s Geothermal Development Company (GDC) and their respective teams for sharing their extensive knowledge of years of experience in coordinating this project. The author is also grateful for the valuable contributions provided by Leandro Azevedo (AFDB), Emmanuel Kouadio, Sandra Romboli and Rafael Ben from...

Case Study – June 2018 – Facilitating Geothermal Field Development Through Public-Private Partnerchips in Menengai - Kenya

The core development challenge was to secure a reliable, sustainable and affordable power supply to meet current and future demand in Kenya, where energy demands are growing rapidly, and hydropower and fossil fuel thermal generation are increasingly unsustainable. To tackle this challenge, Kenya sought to increase production of geothermal energy, of which it has substantial resources. The Menengai project was undertaken by the Geothermal Development Company (GDC), set up by the government to undertake exploration and sell steam to independent power producers (IPPs). It was the first project...

Infrastructure and Urban Development Department - Annual Report 2017

The Bank is pursuing its policy of financing a diverse portfolio of major infrastructure projects. The 2017 investments in roads, railways, aviation, ICT and urban development will confer African countries a firm foundation on which to grow their economies, increase socio-economic development and deliver better services in areas such as health, education and trade.

The State of African Cities 2018 - Part B

FDI is an agent of global economic integration (Mah, 2003) and many developing economies have adopted FDI liberalisation policies to help facilitate its benefits. However, despite increasing investments in developing economies, poverty and income inequality persist and remain a major challenge. The relationship between FDI and income inequality is often divided into the Neoclassical and Dependency Theories. The former optimistically argues that FDI stimulates higher economic growth and, hence, lower inequality. The latter states that FDI has negative effects on economic growth and leads to...

The State of African Cities 2018 - Part C

The aim of the present study is to document the interdependence between Johannesburg and foreign-owned companies over time with a view to understanding the present-day context of foreign companies’ presence and impact on the city. The study methodology has been multipronged, relying on existing data and literature but is predominantly based upon open-ended interviews with stakeholders viz. CEOs of foreign firms, policymakers as well as local firms that are either suppliers to or competing with foreign firms. The remainder of this study is divided into three broad segments. The first explores...

The State of African Cities 2018

In an effort to review in detail the conditions, trends and effects of foreign direct investment on urban development across the African continent, The State of African Cities 2018 report involved a large number of international organizations, academic institutions and individual experts.

Towards a climate-smart Africa - The AfDB and CIF driving Africa's climate action - November 2018

In 2018, the Climate Investment Funds (CIF) is celebrating 10 years of operations. Over the past decade, the CIF has worked to mainstream climate change financing into development activities and catalyze transformational change at scale throughout the world. In Africa, the African Development Bank (AfDB) continues to act as a CIF implementing entity and partner of choice, advancing a growing portfolio of projects in renewable energy, forestry, and resilience solutions across the four CIF programs