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AfDB's Energy Sector Policy - Draft Version
African countries are faced with many challenges in their quest to improve the welfare of their populations, one of which is the lack of access to affordable and reliable modern energy services. It is estimated that only half of the urban population in sub - Saharan Africa has access to electricity; the ratio is only 8% in the rural area. More over, even when modern energy is available, it is expensive and unreliable. If current trends continue, less than half of African countries will reach universal access to electricity by 2050 . Along with South Asia, S ub - Saharan Africa counts the largest number of people relying on traditional solid fuels for energy generation (cooking and heating); these sources carry substantial adverse effects on health and productivity. Sadly, the poorest segments of the population often pay the highest costs (in money , time, and health) for the worst - quality energy services. The lack of access to modern energy services is a major factor for the slow progress in poverty reduction and attainment of other millennium development goals (MDGs) in Africa.