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The Kazungula Bridge Project (KBP) is a multi-national project on the North-South Corridor (NSC) within the SADC region and part of a corridor-long infrastructure improvement programme. The project scope includes a bridge linking Botswana and Zambia over the Zambezi River to replace the existing ferry and juxtaposed one-stop border facilities at Kazungula. The project main components comprise the construction of a new road/rail bridge, one-stop-border-post facilities (OSBP) and access roads at Kazungula border. The project also includes the complementary components:
(i) implementation of hard and soft infrastructure to ensure full operation of a complete border infrastructure system and;
(ii) feasibility study and engineering design of additional transport facilities to meet medium to long term corridor development and regional connectivity needs.
At sector level, the project's development objective is to contribute to the trade potential of the countries on the corridor, particularly the landlocked countries of Zambia, Botswana and DRC. The project facilitates improved regional connectivity therefore integrates economies, increase trade activities and increase global competiveness.
In meeting the above development objectives, the objective of the project is to improve throughput at the Kazungula border. The project will reduce transit time at the border, improve the trade facilitation procedures and increase the volume of trade traffic. The will contribute to a reduced average travel time on the corridor thus reducing the time-based cost to trade transport and other users.
The economies of SADC, of which Zambia and Botswana are major players, contribute nearly 40% of the GDP of sub-Sahara Africa equivalent to US$340 billion (2007 figures). The basic need of export dependent economies is connectivity to markets and easing access to regional and international trade partners by mitigating the uncertainties and high transport cost and border delays, particularly for landlocked countries such as Zambia and Botswana, is an essential need. By their 40% aggregate contribution to sub-Sahara Africa's GDP, the development objective of the project and target area is geographically broad and aligned with the Bank's regional integration strategy on maximising development impact, project reach and effective integration of economies.
Based on the rationale described, the project's objectives are to facilitate increase trade activities (export import) and improve integration of economies and global competiveness for Zambia and Botswana and the countries on the North South Corridor (NSC). The direct beneficiaries are sections of population and businesses engaged in the mining, agricultural and service sectors, contributors of 60-80% of the region's GDP. The benefits gained are through increased opportunities for intra- and extra- regional trade activities, integration of the economies served by the corridor and the creation of jobs for the population thus reducing poverty levels.
MALINGA Richard - RDGS4