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African Statistical Journal Vol.12
This study on Mali examines gender and employment in Mali. The study is informed by the Millennium Development Agenda that views Millennium Development Goal 3, Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment as critical in the attainment of all the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and more broadly, poverty reduction. Objectives and Rationale. The two main objectives of this study are to: 1) explore representative data on employment in various economic industries, formal and informal sectors; and 2) analyze the underlying relationships between gender and employment and their determinants. Methodology. The data are from the Enquête permanente emploi auprès des ménages (EPAM), a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2007 and based on a nationally representative sample. Using multivariate analysis, the study examines gender inequality in various employment sectors and at various levels of income, and the correlates of these relationships, focusing on factors such as human capital, demographic characteristics, structural/economic variables, agency (political, economic and social), intergenerational aspects and aspirations, and how these interact with sex.