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Ensuring Africa’s Resilience to Climate Change
The project aims to improve the quality of life of the population through improved access to drinking water and sanitation in semi-urban and rural areas. It stems from the Kigali Action Plan initiative adopted by African Union Heads of States and Governments to assist member countries that failed to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) relating to water and sanitation. However, attaining this objective is threatened by climate change. Chad is very vulnerable to climate change and projections indicate a decrease in rainfall, at more than 20% by 2030 and 30% by 2050. Over the last decade, Chad’s Saharan and Sahelian zones have spread 150 km south. This has resulted in reduced farming and pasture areas, causing livestock rearers and farmers to move to areas that are more suitable to work. Lake Chad reduced in size from 25,000 km2 in 1960 to 2,500 km2 in 2015, affecting crop and sh production; forcing inhabitants to move to wetter areas. Drought and the degradation of natural resources have increased the pressure on water infrastructure and pastureland. Sustainable resource management is required to address these climate change.