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Sudan - National Climate Change Profile
The Republic of the Sudan (henceforth, ‘Sudan’, shown below in Table 1-1), also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence, is a country in Northern Africa. As the third-largest country in Africa, Sudan’s landscape includes several distinct biogeographic regions and features, including the coastline of the Red Sea, the inland catchment and plains of the Nile River, savanna woodlands in the south and extensive semi-desert and desert in the central and northern interior. The majority of the country is classified as semi-arid or desert climate.