Climate Change


COP 25: African Development Bank urges African nations to persist with climate change ambitions as marathon talks end in Madrid

The African Development Bank has urged the continent’s nations to stay the course on climate action, after a marathon session of talks at the twenty-fifth Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 25) in Madrid. The conference was scheduled to run from 2 to 13 December, but only concluded business on Sunday, two days after the official programme ended. Meanwhile, back home, Africans were reminded of the all-too-real consequences if these talks fail to deliver results. Thousands of East Africans have been displaced in the wake of heavy rains...

Mobilisation à la COP25 autour des objectifs de lutte contre le changement climatique : « L’avenir de l’Afrique dépend de la solidarité. »

Ministres, diplomates, représentants d’ONG ou encore journalistes ont appelé, de concert, à bâtir un front uni pour répondre aux défis posés par le changement climatique en Afrique, à l’occasion de la Journée de l’Afrique organisée mardi à la 25ème conférence des Nations unies sur le climat (COP25) à Madrid. Dans une salle comble du centre de conférence de l’IFEMA, Yasmin Fouad, ministre égyptien des Affaires environnementales, a affirmé, au nom de l...

COP 25: African islands want their place in the sun as they grapple with climate change

Africa’s small island states are bearing the brunt of climate change, even though technology exists to prevent the worst impacts of extreme weather. Climate expert John Harding said fewer lives were being lost as a result of natural disasters, because of advanced early warning systems. However, many cash-strapped African countries are not benefiting from new technologies to develop early warning systems. Harding was speaking on Tuesday at the COP25 climate conference in Madrid during a panel discussion on building the resilience of small island developing states (SIDS) against extreme...

COP 25: ‘Africa’s future depends on solidarity’ Leaders and development partners rally around climate change goals

There was standing room only as ministers, diplomats, activists and journalists gathered at the IFEMA conference centre in Madrid to mark Africa Day at the COP 25 climate meeting. Speakers called for a united front to tackle the challenges of climate change in Africa. In the opening statement for Africa Day on Tuesday, Yasmin Fouad, Egypt’s Minister of Environmental Affairs, on behalf of the African Union, said: “We have, and will continue to engage and to seek landing grounds on the outstanding issues. But we must flag our concern at the apparent reluctance by our interlocutors to...

COP 25: Kenya experience suggests gender equality is best path to achieve SDGs

By LEOPOLD OBI, Climate Tracker Stakeholders at COP25 climate talks, citing Kenya’s example, called on developing countries to boost women’s involvement in the fight against climate change. Without gender equality, evidence suggests, African countries are unlikely to achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) or transformative economic growth.  The issue emerged during panel discussion on gender and climate change at COP25, held in Madrid December 2-13. Experts pointed to data indicating that the struggle to earn a livelihood pushes many farmers to migrate to...

COP 25: African parliamentarians called on to speak as one for their voice to be heard

African parliamentarians should speak as one to make their voice heard in climate negotiations, Arona Soumaré, the African Development Bank's principal expert in climate change and green growth, said on Thursday during the 25th session of the Conference of the Parties on climate change (COP 25). "For effective implementation of the Paris Agreement, parliaments need to take strong decisions in a more concerted manner to address climate change. The commitments made must be translated into national legislative initiatives. These actions must be provided with the appropriate financial...

Hola, Madrid! African Development Bank takes the continent’s climate agenda to COP25 in Spain

The African Development Bank will on Monday kick off a campaign to present the continent’s case at the world’s leading climate change conference. The 25th session of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (COP) comes at a crucial time for the globe and Africa in particular. In recent years, rising temperatures have wreaked havoc with weather patterns, leading to suffocating heat and devastating storms. In Africa, the climate has exacerbated food shortages and destroyed infrastructure. African countries know all too well the risks...

Africa Climate Change Fund - Annual Report 2018

With the signing of the Paris Agreement in 2015, African countries overwhelmingly committed to building climate resilient and lowcarbon economies through their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). However, to deliver on these commitments, countries will need significant resources. As the primary DFI on the continent, the African Development Bank (AfDB) has set an ambitious target to scale up climate finance to 40 percent of new approvals per year by 2020, to support member countries. Given the noticeable impact of climate change on these countries and their relatively low contribution...

Gender mainstreaming in climate change projects - The case of FORM GHANA LTD. in Ghana

The Ghana Public Private Partnership for the Restoration of Degraded Forest Reserve project is implemented by FORM GHANA LTD. It has received funds from the African Development Bank and the CIF’s Forest Investment Program (FIP). The objective of the project is the restoration of degraded forest reserves by establishing a large-scale sustainable commercial forest plantation in collaboration with the Government of Ghana (GoG) through its Forestry Commission (FC). The project has been identified by the Bank as one of the cases for study under the AfDB/CIF Inclusive Climate Action Initiative....

Gender mainstreaming in climate change projects - The case of Noor Ouarzazate in Morocco

The Solar Energy Program (NOOR) located in Ouarzazate (NOOR Ouarzazate), in the South-Central region of Morocco, is one of the largest concentrated solar power (CSP) facilities in the world. NOOR Ouarzazate is implemented by the Moroccan Agency for Sustainable Energy (MASEN) and the Arabian Company for Water and Power (ACWA Power), and is expected to diversify Morocco’s energy mix, providing enough solar-generated electricity to the national grid to displace the use of 2.5 million tons of oil per year. NOOR Ouarzazate has received funds from the African Development Bank and the CIF’s Clean...

African Development Bank climate change initiative: Top experts form the Adaptation Benefits Mechanism board

The African Development Bank has appointed a group of renowned experts to the board of a continental initiative to mobilize financing for resilience to the negative impacts of climate change. The Bank established the interim executive board of the Adaptation Benefits Mechanism (ABM) on 4 October 2019. The ABM board is being assisted by an interim secretariat, which is placed in the Bank’s Climate Change and Green Growth department, headed by the director Dr. Anthony Nyong. “We have on board some of the brightest minds in the climate change world, with tons of experience in different...

African Development Bank, Climate Investment Funds and the Coalition for Green Capital to develop Green financing instruments for Africa

The African Development Bank, in partnership with the Climate Investment Funds (CIF), has commissioned the Coalition for Green Capital (CGC) to prepare a study on the creation of national climate change funds and green banks in Africa. CGC will identify and work with six African countries to conduct feasibility studies for the project, which was initiated at the Green Bank Design Summit held in Paris in March 2019. The Summit tasked 23 developing countries to craft a new model to mobilise and accelerate investment in clean energy. Andrea Colnes, Director of Global Green Bank...

Climate Action Summit: Three questions to Dr Anthony Nyong, director climate change and green growth department

Leaders from all over the world met in New York recently to discuss efforts to tackle climate change. The President of the African Development Bank Group, Dr. Akinwumi Adesina, attended the Climate Action Summit and pledged to double funding commitments to $25 billion from 2020 to 2025 to help African countries address the challenges of climate change. Most of this funding will go towards adaptation. Dr Anthony Nyong, Director of the Bank’s Climate Change and Green Growth Department, answers three questions on the topic, as the summit wraps up.   What is the significance of...

UNGA 2019: African Development Bank to help boost climate change adaptation funding to $12.5bn

African Development Bank President Akinwumi Adesina on Tuesday pledged to boost funding commitments by $12.5bn to help countries adapt to the effects of climate change between 2020 and 2025. Addressing UN talks on climate change adaptation, Adesina said the Bank was doubling commitments to climate finance to $25bn for the five-year period, half of which would fund climate adaptation. “This is where the rubber meets the road,” Adesina told members of the Global Commission on Adaptation. “Because many of the countries are facing extreme weather patterns, and they can't wait any more, we've...

UNGA 2019: No room for coal in Africa’s renewable future: Akinwumi Adesina

African Development Bank President Akinwumi Adesina on Tuesday unveiled ambitious plans to scrap coal power stations across the continent and switch to renewable energy at United Nations climate talks on Monday.  Addressing a gathering of leaders and officials from almost 200 countries in New York, Adesina outlined efforts to shutter coal-fired power plants and build the "largest solar zone in the world" in the arid Sahel belt.  "Coal is the past, and renewable energy is the future. For us at the African Development Bank, we're getting out of coal," Adesina told delegates to...

Senegal - National Climate Change Profile

Senegal is a coastal country at the western-most point of Africa, situated at the transition between Africa’s humid tropics in the south and the semi-arid/arid Sahel region to the north. Senegal is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean at the west coast, Mauritania at the northern border of the Senegal River, Mali at the eastern interior, and by Guinea and Guinea-Bissau at the south of the so-called Casamance area. The centre of Senegal is also bisected by the small state of Gambia, penetrating ~320 km inland along the length of the Gambia River.

Nigeria - National Climate Change Profile

The Federal Republic of Nigeria (henceforth ‘Nigeria’, shown below in Figure 1-1) is the most populated (~191,835,936 people) country in Africa. Over 47% of the population is urban and the country has an urbanisation rate of ~4.3% per year. Nigeria is the largest economy in Africa in terms of total GDP and GDP by PPP.

Niger - National Climate Change Profile

The Republic of Niger (henceforth ‘Niger’, shown below in Figure 1-1) is a landlocked country in West Africa. Niger is bordered by Libya to the northeast, Chad to the east, Nigeria and Benin to the south, Burkina Faso and Mali to the west, and Algeria to the northwest. Niger covers a land area of almost 1,270,000 km2, making it the largest country in West Africa, with over 80 percent of its land area covered by the Sahara Desert. Niger has a population of ~21,500,000 people, ~18% of which are urban. Niger’s urban population is proportionally one of the smallest in Africa, however at present...

Mali - National Climate Change Profile

The Republic of Mali (henceforth ‘Mali’ and shown below in Figure 1-1) is a landlocked country in West Africa, sharing borders with Mauritania, Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Cote D’Ivoire, Guinea and Senegal. The majority of Mali’s centre and north region extends into the arid Sahel and Sahara regions, while the south of the country is characterised by the comparative humidity and higher rainfall of the Niger River delta.

Guinea - National Climate Change Profile

The Republic of Guinea (henceforth ‘Guinea’, Figure 1- 1 below) is a coastal country in West Africa, which extends from the Atlantic Ocean coastline of the Guinea Lowlands, inland towards the east and south interior and rises up towards the Guinea Highlands region. The Guinea highlands are the watershed sources of several of West Africa’s major rivers, notably the Niger, Gambia and Senegal Rivers. Guinea’s borders are shared by Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, and Mali to the north, and by Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Côte d'Ivoire to the south.